Rhipsalis baccifera

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Rhipsalis baccifera

Rhipsalis baccifera (Sol. ex J.S.Muell.) Stearn in Cact. J. (Croydon) 7(4): 107. 1939 sec. Korotkova & al. 20111
  • Cassytha baccifera Sol. ex J.S.Muell., Ill. Syst. Sex. Linnaei: classis 9, ordo 1, t. 29. 1771, nom. cons. prop., syn. sec. Barthlott & Taylor 19952
    • Lectotype (designated by Aymonin, G. 19833): Illustration in Ill. Syst. Sex. Linnaei class. 9: Ordo 1. 1771: t. 29
  • 1. Korotkova, N., Borsch, T., Quandt, D., Taylor, N. P., Müller, K. & Barthlott, W. 2011: What does it take to resolve relationships and to identify species with molecular markers? An example from the epiphytic Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae). – American Journal of Botany 98(9): 1549-1572. http://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.1000502, 2. Barthlott, W. & Taylor, N. P. 1995: Notes towards a monograph of Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae). – Bradleya 13: 43-79. http://doi.org/10.25223/brad.n13.1995.a7, 3. Aymonin, G. 1983: Famille 145 - Cactées, pp. 109-121. – In: Humbert, J.-H., Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. – Paris: Musèum National d’histoire naturelle
  • =Cactus parasiticus L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 2: 1054, no. 12A. 1759, nom. rej. prop., syn. sec. Taylor & Zappi 20204
  • Rhipsalis parasitica (L.) Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ.: 187. 1812 syn. sec. Taylor & Zappi 20204
    • Type: Lectotype: [icon] Haiti, in woods; 1689-1690 or 1693, Charles PLUMIER in Burman, Cactus inermis, aphyllus, ramosus, Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus 8: t.197 fig.2. (20 Jun) 1758. Copied upside down from Opuntia minima flagelliformis in the unpublished archive of Plumier, Botanicon Americanum 3: t.76. 1689-16975
  • 4. Taylor, N. P. & Zappi, D. 2020: (2774) Proposal to conserve the name Cassyta baccifera (Rhipsalis baccifera) against Cactus parasiticus (Cactaceae). – Taxon 69(5): 1117-1118. http://doi.org/10.1002/tax.12339, 5. Mottram, R. & Hoxey, P. 2020: An evaluation of the cacti of Charles Plumier (1646–1704). – The Cactician 13: 1-99: 92
  • =Cactus parasiticus Lam., Encycl. 1(2): 541. 1785 syn. sec. ???
  • Rhipsalis parasiticus (Lam.) Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ.: 187. 1812 syn. sec. ???
  • =Cactus epidendrum L., Amoen. Acad., Schreb., ed. 8: 257. 1787 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)6
  • 6. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Cactus pendulus Sw., Prodr.: 77. 1788 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)7
  • Rhipsalis pendula (Sw.) Link & Otto in Verh. Vereins Beförd. Gartenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten 3: 432. 1827 syn. sec. Barthlott & Taylor 19958
  • Rhipsalis cassytha var. pendula (Sw.) Salm-Dyck ex Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 134. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)7
  • =Rhipsalis cassutha Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 137, t. 28. 1788 syn. sec. Barthlott & Taylor 1995, 9
  • Cassytha polysperma Aiton ex Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 137. 1788, nom. inval., syn. sec. IPNI 2000+12,10,11
  • Rhipsalis cassytha Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 137. t. 28. 1788, nom. inval., syn. sec. Barthlott & Taylor 1995, 9
  • 9. Barthlott, W. & Taylor, N. P. 1995: Notes towards a monograph of Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae). – Bradleya 13: 43-79. http://doi.org/10.25223/brad.n13.1995.a7, 10. in syn., 11. Berendsohn, W. G. 2021: Revisions, 12. IPNI 2000+: International Plant Names Index. – The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens – http://www.ipni.org
  • =Cactus quadrangularis Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ.: 181. 1812 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)13
  • 13. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Cactus fasciculatus Willd., Enum. Pl., Suppl.: 33. 1814 syn. sec. ???
  • Rhipsalis fasciculata (Willd.) Haw., Suppl. Pl. Succ.: 83. 1819 syn. sec. Barthlott & Taylor 199514
  • Hariota fasciculata (Willd.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 262. 1891 syn. sec. Korotkova 202115
  • Rhipsalis baccifera subsp. fasciculata (Willd.) Süpplie in Tijdschr. Liefhebb. Cact. Vetpl. Kamerpl. 9: 136. 1996 syn. sec. Korotkova 202115
  • 14. Barthlott, W. & Taylor, N. P. 1995: Notes towards a monograph of Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae). – Bradleya 13: 43-79. http://doi.org/10.25223/brad.n13.1995.a7, 15. Korotkova, N. 2021: Revisions of Deamia, Disocactus, Epiphyllum, Hatiora, Kimnachia, Lepismium, Leuenbergeria, Lymanbensonia, Pereskia, Pfeiffera, Pseudorhipsalis, Rhipsalidopsis, Rhipsalis, Schlumbergera, Selenicereus, Strophocactus, Weberocereus, and various other names. In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 250-270. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208
  • =Cactus caripensis Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. (quarto ed.) 6: 66. 1823 syn. sec. Barthlott & Taylor 199516
  • Cereus caripensis (Kunth) DC., Prodr. 3: 467. 1828 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)17
  • Rhipsalis caripensis (Kunth) F.A.C.Weber in Schumann, Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 622. 1899 syn. sec. Barthlott & Taylor 199516
    • Type: Lectotype [icon] Mueller, Ill. Syst. Sex. Linnaei: class 9, ordo 1, t. 29. 1 Dec 1771
  • =Rhipsalis cassytha var. mocinoana DC., Prodr. 3: 476. 1828 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)18
  • 18. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Rhipsalis cassytha var. swartziana DC. in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 80. 1828 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)19
  • 19. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Cereus baccifer Hook. in Bot. Mag. 58: t. 3080. 1831 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)20
  • 20. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Rhipsalis pendula Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 133. 1837 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 192321
  • 21. Britton, N. L. & Rose, J.N. 1923: Cactaceae 4
  • =Cereus parasiticus Haw. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 335. 1840 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)22
  • 22. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Cereus bacciferus Hemsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 1: 548. 1880, in syn., syn. sec. Korotkova 202124,23
  • 23. in syn., 24. Korotkova, N. 2021: Revisions of Deamia, Disocactus, Epiphyllum, Hatiora, Kimnachia, Lepismium, Leuenbergeria, Lymanbensonia, Pereskia, Pfeiffera, Pseudorhipsalis, Rhipsalidopsis, Rhipsalis, Schlumbergera, Selenicereus, Strophocactus, Weberocereus, and various other names. In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 250-270. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208
  • =Rhipsalis cassytha var. rhodocarpa F.A.C.Weber, Dict. Hort. 2: 1046. 1898 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)25
  • Rhipsalis baccifera subsp. rhodocarpa (F.A.C.Weber) Süpplie, Rhipsalidinae: 27. 1990 syn. sec. Korotkova 202126
  • 25. Kew WCVP (2019), 26. Korotkova, N. 2021: Revisions of Deamia, Disocactus, Epiphyllum, Hatiora, Kimnachia, Lepismium, Leuenbergeria, Lymanbensonia, Pereskia, Pfeiffera, Pseudorhipsalis, Rhipsalidopsis, Rhipsalis, Schlumbergera, Selenicereus, Strophocactus, Weberocereus, and various other names. In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 250-270. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208
  • =Rhipsalis madagascariensis var. dasycerca F.A.C.Weber, Lamb Collect. Cact.: 73. 1908 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 192327
  • 27. Britton, N. L. & Rose, J.N. 1923: Cactaceae 4
  • =Rhipsalis cassythopsis Backeb., Cactaceae 2: 660. 1959 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)28
  • 28. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Rhipsalis neocassutha Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 103. 1981 syn. sec. Barthlott & Taylor 199529
  • =Cactus garipensis Kunth, Syn. Pl. 3: 370. 1824 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 192330
  • 30. Britton, N. L. & Rose, J.N. 1923: Cactaceae 4
  • Cactus pendulinus Sieber ex DC., Prodr. 3: 476. 1828, nom. inval., syn. sec. ???31,32
  • Cactus pendulinus Sieber ex Baker, Fl. Mauritius: 133. 1877, nom. inval., syn. sec. ???33,32
  • 31. in syn., 32. Berendsohn, W. G. 2020: Revisions, 33. later citation; in syn
  • Rhipsalis delphinensis Barthlott, Inaug.-Dissert.: 76. 1973, nom. provis., syn. sec. ???

Notes

Mottram & Hoxey (2020) have recently pointed out that Rhipsalis parasitica (L.) Haw. (≡ Cactus parasiticus L.) has priority over Rhipsalis baccifera (Sol. ex J.S.Muell.) Stearn. However, Rhipsalis parasitica has hitherto never been in use, while Rhipsalis baccifera is a well-established name that has been very frequently used throughout the literature. Therefore, Rhipsalis baccifera / Cassyta baccifera Sol. ex J.S.Muell. is proposed for conservation against Cactus parasiticus (Taylor & Zappi 2020).A

Descriptions (aggregated)

Old stem segment duration: deciduous [3]; stem width: 0.5 cm [1]; stem shape: terete [3] entire plant habitat: epiphytic [3], terrestrial [1]; entire plant orientation: pendent [3], erect [1]; entire plant branching: acrotonic [3], mesotonic [1]; entire plant pubescence: glabrous [1] flower quantity per areol contemporaneously: 1 [3]; flower coloration: whitish [3], white [3]; flower architecture: actinomorphic [3]; flower position: lateral [3], subapical [2], apical [1]; flower size qualitativ: minute [3]; flower size quantitativ: 5 mm [1] areole prominence: superficial [3] fruit coloration: white [3]; fruit shape: subglobose [3] bud orientation: perpendicular [3]
A single or the first number in square brackets denotes sample size

Bibliography

A. Korotkova, N. 2021: Revisions of Deamia, Disocactus, Epiphyllum, Hatiora, Kimnachia, Lepismium, Leuenbergeria, Lymanbensonia, Pereskia, Pfeiffera, Pseudorhipsalis, Rhipsalidopsis, Rhipsalis, Schlumbergera, Selenicereus, Strophocactus, Weberocereus, and various other names. In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 250-270. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208