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Montiaceae Raf. in Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5: 349. 1820 sec. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 20161
  • 1. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 2016: APG IV: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1-20.


Family with 13 genera and around 200 species distributed around the world (Nyffeler & Eggli 2010). The species of this family are traditionally considered as members of Portulacaceae; however, molecular phylogenetic studies have shown that the traditional Portulacaceae are not monophyletic (Hershkovitz & Zimmer 1997; Applequist & Wallace 2001; Nyffeler 2007; Nyffeler & Eggli 2010; Ocampo & Columbus 2010). Nyffeler & Eggli (2010) proposed the segregation of the traditional Portulacaceae into four families (Anacampserotaceae, Montiaceae, Portulacaceae, and Talinaceae) based on morphological and molecular data. The circumscription of Montiaceae follows the proposal of Hershkovitz (1993, 2006) and Hershkovitz & Zimmer (2000). Montiaceae also includes Hectorellaceae (Applequist & al. 2006; Wagstaff & Hennion 2007; Nyffeler & Eggli 2010).A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K


A. Applequist, W. L. & Wallace, R. S. 2001: Phylogeny of Portulacaceous cohort based on ndhF sequence data. – Systematic Botany 26: 406 – 419
B. Applequist, W.L., Wagner, W.L., Zimmer, E.A. & Nepokroeff, M. 2006: Molecular evidence resolving the systematic position of Hectorella (Portulacaceae). – Systematic Botany 31(2): 310-319.
C. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383.
D. Hershkovitz, M. A. 2006: Ribosomal and chloroplast DNA evidence for diversification of western American Portulacaceae in the Andean region. – Gayana, Bot. 63: 13 – 74.
E. Hershkovitz, M.A. & Zimmer, E. A. 1997: On the evolutionary origins of the cacti. – Taxon 46: 217 – 232.
F. Hershkovitz, M.A. & Zimmer, E. A. 2000: Ribosomal DNA evidence and disjunctions of western American Portulacaceae. – Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 15: 419 – 439.
G. Hershkovitz, M.A. 1993: Revised circumscriptions and subgeneric taxonomies of Calandrinia and Montiopsis (Portulacaceae) with notes on phylogeny of the Portulacaceous alliance. – Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 80(2): 333-365
H. Nyffeler, R. & Eggli, U. 2010: Disintegrating Portulacaceae: A new familial classification of the suborder Portulacineae (Caryophyllales) based on molecular and morphological data. – Taxon 59: 227-240
I. Nyffeler, R. 2007: The closest relatives of cacti: insights from phylogenetic analyses of chloroplast and mitochondrial sequences with special emphasis on relationships in the tribe Anacamserotaceae. – American Journal of Botany, 89-101, 94.
J. Ocampo, G. & Columbus, J. T. 2010: Molecular phylogenetics of suborder Cactineae (Caryophyllales), including insights into photosynthetic diversification and historical biogeography. – American Journal of Botany 97: 1827 – 1847.
K. Wagstaff, S.J. & Hennion, F. 2007: Evolution and biogeography of Lyallia and Hectorella (Portulacaceae), geographically isolated sisters from the Southern Hemisphere. – Antarctic Science 19(04): 417-426.