Drosophyllaceae Chrtek, Slavíková & Studnička in Preslia 61: 122. 1989 sec. APG III (2009)



A monotypic family that includes carnivorous subshrubs distributed in Spain, Portugal and Morocco (Kubitzki 2003c). These are characterised by reverse circinate leaves, basal placentation, polyporate pollen and a chromosome base number x = 6 (Heubl & al. 2006). Historically, the single genus Drosophyllum was placed within Droseraceae but its position as independent lineage has been well-supported by several molecular phylogenetic studies (e.g. Meimberg & al. 2000; Cuénoud & al. 2002; Hilu & al. 2003; Brockington & al. 2009; Schäferhoff & al. 2009). These studies also revealed the closer relationship of Drosophyllacae with the clade Ancistrocladaceae+Dioncophyllaceae rather than Droseraceae.