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Limeaceae Shipunov ex Reveal in Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 71: 128. 2005 sec. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 20161
  • 1. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 2016: APG IV: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1-20.


A monogeneric family with c. 20 species, distributed mainly in southern Africa with a few species in Sudan, Ethiopia and southern Asia (Endress & Bittrich 1993). Traditionally, the single genus Limeum was placed in Molluginaceae. However, the position of the genus as an independent lineage and its distant placement from Molluginaceae has been well-supported by several molecular studies (Brockington & al. 2009; Schäferhoff & al. 2010; Christin & al. 2011). The family includes herbs and subshrubs characterised by pseudomonomerous two-chambered ovaries (Endress & Bittrich 1993).A,B,C,D,E


A. Brockington, S. F., Alexandre, R., Ramdial, J., Moore, M. J., Crawley, S., Dhingra, A., Hilu, K., Douglas, E. S. & Soltis, P.S. 2009: Phylogeny of the Caryophyllales sensu lato: Revisiting hypotheses on pollination biology and perianth differentiation in the core Caryophyllales. – International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(5): 627–643.
B. Christin, P.-A., Sage, T. L., Edwards, E. J., Ogburn, R. M., Khoshravesh, R. & Sage, R. F. 2011: Complex evolutionary transitions and the significance of C3–C4 intermediate forms of photosynthesis in Molluginaceae. – Evolution 65: 643 – 660.|
C. Endress, M. E. & Bittrich, V. 1993: Molluginaceae, 419 – 425. – In: Kubitzki, K., Rohwer, J.G. & Bittrich, V. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 2. – Berlin, Heidelberg & New York: Springer
D. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383.
E. Schäferhoff, B., Müller, K.F. & Borsch, T. 2010: Caryophyllales phylogenetics: disentangling Phytolaccaceae and Molluginaceae and description of Microteaceae as a new isolated family. – Willdenowia 39: 209-228.