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Ancistrocladaceae Planch. ex Walp. in Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 175. 1851 sec. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 20161 wfo-7000000025
      Nametype: Ancistrocladus Wall., nom. cons.
  • 1. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 2016: APG IV: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1-20. 10.1111/boj.12385


A monogeneric family comprising 18 species with a disjunct paleotropical distribution in West and Central Africa and Southeast Asia (Rischer & al. 2005). The family includes only non-carnivorous plants characterized by having nuts, ruminate endosperm and a gynoecium partly inferior with a single ovule (Heubl & al. 2006).
Traditionally, the family was placed either in the order Theales (e.g. Thorne 1992) or Dilleniales (e.g. Thorne 2000). However, the position of the family within Caryophyllales and its close relationship with the “partially carnivorous” Dioncophyllaceae (see there) was shown by the early molecular phylogenetic study of Nandi & al. (1998). These results were confirmed by subsequent studies (e.g. Meimberg & al. 2000; Cuénoud & al. 2002; Hilu & al. 2003; Brockington 2009, 2011; Schäferhoff & al. 2009; Renner & Specht 2011), which have also shown, with high support, that both, Ancistrocladaceae and Dioncophyllaceae are part of the “carnivorous clade” of the Caryophyllales. Other studies focusing on the evolution of carnivory and relationships within this clade (e.g. Heubl & al. 2006; Renner & Specht 2011) suggest that the absence of carnivory in Ancistrocladaceae can be explained as a complete secondary loss of this character.A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L


A. Brockington, S. F., Alexandre, R., Ramdial, J., Moore, M. J., Crawley, S., Dhingra, A., Hilu, K., Douglas, E. S. & Soltis, P.S. 2009: Phylogeny of the Caryophyllales sensu lato: Revisiting hypotheses on pollination biology and perianth differentiation in the core Caryophyllales. – International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(5): 627–643.
B. Brockington, S. F., Walker, R. H., Glover, R. H., Soltis, P.S. & Soltis, D.E. 2011: Complex pigment evolution in the Caryophyllales. – New Phytologist 190: 854 – 864.
C. Cuénoud, P. & al. 2002: Molecular phylogenetics of Caryophyllales based on nuclear 18S rDNA and plastid rbcL, atpB, and matK DNA sequences. – American Journal of Botany 89(1): 132-144.
D. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383.
E. Heubl, G., Bringmann, G. & Meimberg, H. 2006: Molecular phylogeny and character evolution of carnivorous plant families in Caryophyllales – Revisited. – Plant Biology 8: 821–830.
F. Hilu, K., Müller, K. F., Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Savolainen, V., Chase, M. W., Powell, M. P., Lawrence, Alice, Evans, R. C., Sauquet, H., Neinhuis, C., Slotta, T., Rohwer, J. G., Campbell, C. S. & Chatrou, L. 2003: Angiosperm phylogeny based on matK sequence information. – American Journal of Botany 90: 1758 – 1776.
G. Meimberg, H., Dittrich, P., Bringmann, G., Schlauer, Jan & Heubl, G. 2000: Molecular phylogeny of Caryophyllidae s.l. based on matK sequences with special emphasis on carnivorous taxa. – Plant Biology 2: 218 – 228.
H. Nandi, O. I., Chase, M. W. & Endress, P. K. 1998: A combined cladistic analysis of Angiosperms using rbcL and non-molecular data sets. – Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: 137–214.
I. Renner, T. & Specht, C.D. 2011: A sticky situation: assessing adaptations for plant carnivory in the Caryophyllales by means of stochastic character mapping. – International Journal of Plant Sciences 172(7): 889-901.
J. Schäferhoff, B., Müller, K.F. & Borsch, T. 2010: Caryophyllales phylogenetics: disentangling Phytolaccaceae and Molluginaceae and description of Microteaceae as a new isolated family. – Willdenowia 39: 209-228.
K. Thorne, R. F. 1992: An updated phylogenetic classification of the flowering plants. – Aliso 13: 365-389
L. Thorne, R. F. 2000: The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae and Lamiidae). – The Botanical Review 66(4): 441-647.