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Dioncophyllaceae Airy Shaw in Kew Bull. 6(3): 333. 1952 ["1951"], nom. cons., sec. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 20161
  • 1. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 2016: APG IV: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1-20. http://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385


A small family of woody lianas comprising three monotypic genera endemic to the Guineo-Congolian rainforest (Porembski & Barthlott 2003). The family is characterised by leaves with grapnels on branches or paired at the leaf apex, elongated funicles and large, discoid and winged seeds (Heubl & al. 2006). The family is considered as partially carnivorous because it includes both, carnivorous (Triphyophyllum Airy Shaw) and non-carnivorous taxa (Dioncophyllum Baill. and Habropetalum Airy Shaw). The studies by Heubl & al. (2006) and Renner & Specht (2011) concluded that within Dioncophyllaceae occurred a partial secondary loss of carnivory. See also notes under Ancistrocladaceae.A,B,C,D


A. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
B. Heubl, G., Bringmann, G. & Meimberg, H. 2006: Molecular phylogeny and character evolution of carnivorous plant families in Caryophyllales – Revisited. – Plant Biology 8: 821–830. http://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-924460
C. Porembski, S. & Barthlott, W. 2003: Dioncophyllaceae, pp. 178 – 181. – In: Kubitzki, K. & Bayer, C. (ed.), The families and genera of vascular plants 5. – Berlin, Heidelberg & New York: Springer. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-07255-4_19
D. Renner, T. & Specht, C.D. 2011: A sticky situation: assessing adaptations for plant carnivory in the Caryophyllales by means of stochastic character mapping. – International Journal of Plant Sciences 172(7): 889-901. http://doi.org/10.1086/660882