Tamaricaceae

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Tamaricaceae

Tamaricaceae Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 291. 1821, nom. cons. sec. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 20161 wfo-7000000596
      Nametype: Tamarix L.
  • 1. APG IV [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group] 2016: APG IV: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1-20. 10.1111/boj.12385

Introduction

Five genera and c. 80 species occurring in Africa, Asia and Europe with major distribution in the Irano-Turanian and Mediterranean regions (Gaskin 2003). Phylogenetic studies support the monophyly of the genera. Three well supported clades have been recovered: 1) Tamarix, 2) Myrtama and Myricaria, and 3) Hololachna and Reaumuria. Tamarix is sister to a clade comprising Myrtama and Myricaria, and this group is sister to Hololachna and Reaumuria (Gaskin & al. 2004). The main feature in most genera of Tamaricaceae is the presence of salt glands which enable the successfull growth in salty and riparian habitats.A,B,C

Bibliography

A. Gaskin, J. F. 2003: Tamaricaceae, 363 – 368. – In: Kubitzki, K. & Bayer, C. (ed.), The families and genera of vascular plants 5. – Berlin, Heidelberg & New York: Springer
B. Gaskin, J. F., Ghahremaninejad, F., Zhang, D.-Y. & Londo, J. 2004: A systematic overview of Frankeniaceae and Tamaricaceae from nuclear rDNA and plastid sequence data. – Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 91: 401 – 409
C. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301