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Leocereus Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 2: 108. 1920 sec. Zappi & Taylor 20201 wfo-4000021016
      Type: Leocereus bahiensis Britton & Rose
  • 1. Zappi, D. & Taylor, N. P. 2020: Cactaceae in Flora do Brasil. – Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro – http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br.


Monotypic genus from eastern Brazil. Sampled by Schlumpberger & Renner (2012) and found highly supported as sister to Facheiroa ulei. Both genera used to be included in the Trichocereeae, but their exact affinities were unclear (Taylor & Zappi 2004). Schlumpberger & Renner (2012) found Leocereus and Facheiroa outside the Trichocereeae and within a clade containing Stetsonia, Cereus, Praecereus, Micranthocereus, and other genera.A,B,C

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.


A. Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A.R., Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Metzing, D., Müller, A., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B.O. & Berendsohn, W. G. 2021: Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208
B. Schlumpberger, B. & Renner, S. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Echinopsis (Cactaceae): Polyphyly at all levels and convergent evolution of pollination modes and growth forms. – American Journal of Botany 99(8): 1335-1349
C. Taylor, N. P. & Zappi, D. 2004: Cacti of Eastern Brazil. – London: Kew Publishing