Pelecyphora C.Ehrenb. sec. Sánchez & al. 2022

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Pelecyphora C.Ehrenb. sec. Sánchez & al. 2022

Pelecyphora C.Ehrenb. in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 1: 737. 1843 wfo-4000028461
      Nametype: Pelecyphora aselliformis C.Ehrenb.
  • =Escobaria Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 53. 1923 syn. sec. Sánchez & al. 20221 wfo-4000014028
    • Nametype: Escobaria tuberculosa (Engelm.) Britton & Rose
  • 1. Sánchez, D., Vázquez-Benítez, B., Vázquez-Sánchez, Aquino, D. & Arias, S. 2022: Phylogenetic relationships in Coryphantha and implications on Pelecyphora and Escobaria (Cacteae, Cactoideae, Cactaceae). – PhytoKeys 188: 115-165. 10.3897/phytokeys.188.75739
  • =Neobesseya Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 51. 1923 syn. sec. Sánchez & al. 20222 wfo-4000025616
    • Nametype: Neobesseya missouriensis (Sweet) Britton & Rose
  • 2. Sánchez, D., Vázquez-Benítez, B., Vázquez-Sánchez, Aquino, D. & Arias, S. 2022: Phylogenetic relationships in Coryphantha and implications on Pelecyphora and Escobaria (Cacteae, Cactoideae, Cactaceae). – PhytoKeys 188: 115-165. 10.3897/phytokeys.188.75739
  • =Encephalocarpus A.Berger, Kakteen: 331. 1929 syn. sec. Sánchez & al. 20223 wfo-4000013361
    • Nametype: Encephalocarpus strobiliformis (Werderm.) A.Berger
  • 3. Sánchez, D., Vázquez-Benítez, B., Vázquez-Sánchez, Aquino, D. & Arias, S. 2022: Phylogenetic relationships in Coryphantha and implications on Pelecyphora and Escobaria (Cacteae, Cactoideae, Cactaceae). – PhytoKeys 188: 115-165. 10.3897/phytokeys.188.75739
  • =Fobea Frič ex Boed. in Kakteenkunde 1933: 155. 1933 syn. sec. Sánchez & al. 20224 wfo-4000014891
    • Nametype: Fobea viridiflora Frič ex Boed.
  • 4. Sánchez, D., Vázquez-Benítez, B., Vázquez-Sánchez, Aquino, D. & Arias, S. 2022: Phylogenetic relationships in Coryphantha and implications on Pelecyphora and Escobaria (Cacteae, Cactoideae, Cactaceae). – PhytoKeys 188: 115-165. 10.3897/phytokeys.188.75739
  • =Lepidocoryphantha Backeb. in Blätt. Kakteenf. 1938(6): 22. 1938 syn. sec. Sánchez & al. 20225 wfo-4000021100
    • Nametype: Lepidocoryphantha macromeris (Engelm.) Backeb.
  • 5. Sánchez, D., Vázquez-Benítez, B., Vázquez-Sánchez, Aquino, D. & Arias, S. 2022: Phylogenetic relationships in Coryphantha and implications on Pelecyphora and Escobaria (Cacteae, Cactoideae, Cactaceae). – PhytoKeys 188: 115-165. 10.3897/phytokeys.188.75739
  • =Escobesseya Hester in Desert Pl. Life 17: 23. 1945 syn. sec. Sánchez & al. 20226 wfo-4000014031
    • Nametype: Escobesseya dasyacantha (Engelm.) Hester
  • 6. Sánchez, D., Vázquez-Benítez, B., Vázquez-Sánchez, Aquino, D. & Arias, S. 2022: Phylogenetic relationships in Coryphantha and implications on Pelecyphora and Escobaria (Cacteae, Cactoideae, Cactaceae). – PhytoKeys 188: 115-165. 10.3897/phytokeys.188.75739
  • =Cochiseia W.H.Earle in Saguaroland Bull. 30: 65. 1976 syn. sec. Sánchez & al. 20227 wfo-4000008733
    • Nametype: Cochiseia robbinsorum W.H.Earle
  • 7. Sánchez, D., Vázquez-Benítez, B., Vázquez-Sánchez, Aquino, D. & Arias, S. 2022: Phylogenetic relationships in Coryphantha and implications on Pelecyphora and Escobaria (Cacteae, Cactoideae, Cactaceae). – PhytoKeys 188: 115-165. 10.3897/phytokeys.188.75739
  • =Escocoryphantha Doweld in Sukkulenty 1(2): 10. 1999 syn. sec. Sánchez & al. 20228 wfo-4000014033
    • Nametype: Escocoryphantha chihuahuensis (Britton & Rose) Doweld
  • 8. Sánchez, D., Vázquez-Benítez, B., Vázquez-Sánchez, Aquino, D. & Arias, S. 2022: Phylogenetic relationships in Coryphantha and implications on Pelecyphora and Escobaria (Cacteae, Cactoideae, Cactaceae). – PhytoKeys 188: 115-165. 10.3897/phytokeys.188.75739

Notes

Pelecyphora used to be a genus of only two species, including the well-known P. aselliformis. The generic limits of Pelecyphora were recently clarified by the phylogenetic study of Sánchez et al. (2022) who found Pelecyphora nested within Escobaria with high support based on five chloroplast regions (matK, rbcL, psbA-trnH, rpl16, and trnL-F). Escobaria and Pelecyphora were therefore merged under the older name Pelecyphora and the genus now contains 20 species and 14 subspecies.A,B

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.

Bibliography

A. Sánchez, D., Aquino, D., Arias, S. & Korotkova, N. 2022: Updates to the Cactaceae species-level checklist for the genera Coryphantha, Escobaria, and Pelecyphora. – Published online at https://caryophyllales.org/cactaceae/Checklist.
B. Sánchez, D., Vázquez-Benítez, B., Vázquez-Sánchez, Aquino, D. & Arias, S. 2022: Phylogenetic relationships in Coryphantha and implications on Pelecyphora and Escobaria (Cacteae, Cactoideae, Cactaceae). – PhytoKeys 188: 115-165. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.188.75739