Kadenicarpus

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Kadenicarpus

Kadenicarpus Doweld in Sukkulenty 1: 22. 1998 sec. Vázquez-Sánchez & al. 20191 wfo-4000019760
  • Turbinicarpus subg. Kadenicarpus (Doweld) D.Donati, Revis. Tasson. Gen. Turbinicarpus: 21. 2003 syn. sec. Vázquez-Sánchez & al. 20191 wfo-3500004032
    • Nametype: Kadenicarpus pseudomacrochele (Backeb.) Doweld
  • 1. Vázquez-Sánchez, Sánchez, D., Terrazas, T., De La Rosa-Tilapa, A. & Arias, S. 2019: Polyphyly of the iconic cactus genus Turbinicarpus (Cactaceae) and its generic circumscription. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 190(4): 405-420. 10.1093/botlinnean/boz027
  • =Bravocactus Doweld in Sukkulenty 1: 22. 1998 syn. sec. Vázquez-Sánchez & al. 20192 wfo-4000005367
    • Nametype: Bravocactus horripilus (Lem.) Doweld
  • 2. Vázquez-Sánchez, Sánchez, D., Terrazas, T., De La Rosa-Tilapa, A. & Arias, S. 2019: Polyphyly of the iconic cactus genus Turbinicarpus (Cactaceae) and its generic circumscription. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 190(4): 405-420. 10.1093/botlinnean/boz027

Notes

Kadenicarpus is a monophyletic genus, strongly supported and is resolved as sister to the clade composed of Ariocarpus and Turbinicarpus (Vázquez-Sánchez & al. 2019). Anatomically it shares with Turbinicarpus the presence of prismatic crystals in the hypodermis and differs from it by the presence of xylem fibers in cortical bundles (De la Rosa-Tilapa & al. 2019). Three species and four subspecies are recognized, of which Kadenicarpus pseudomacrochele is the species with more morphological variation (See treatment).A,B,C

Taxon standing

Category A. The genus is monophyletic based on a complete or very comprehensive phylogenetic study, and a phylogeny-based taxonomic synopsis was published.C

Acknowledgments

Revised by David Aquino

Bibliography

A. Aquino, D. 2021: Revisions of Epithelantha, Kadenicarpus, Rapicactus, Turbinicarpus – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208
B. De la Rosa-Tilapa, A., Vázquez-Sánchez, M. & Terrazas, T. 2019: Stem anatomy of Turbinicarpus s.l. (Cacteae, Cactaceae) and its contribution to systematics. – Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology 153(4): 600-609. https://doi.org/10.1080/11263504.2018.1527791
C. Vázquez-Sánchez, Sánchez, D., Terrazas, T., De La Rosa-Tilapa, A. & Arias, S. 2019: Polyphyly of the iconic cactus genus Turbinicarpus (Cactaceae) and its generic circumscription. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 190(4): 405-420. https://doi.org/10.1093/botlinnean%2fboz027