Primary tabs


Ferocactus Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 3: 123. 1922 sec. Hunt 20161
  • 1. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author
  • =Bisnaga Orcutt in Cactography 1. 1926 syn. sec. Hunt 20062
  • Ferocactus sect. Bisnaga (Orcutt) N.P.Taylor & J.Y.Clark in Bradleya 1: 6. 1983 syn. sec. ???
  • 2. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books
  • =Brittonia C.A.Armstr. in Cact. J. (Croydon) 2: 64. 1934 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)3
  • 3. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • 4. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books
  • =Parrycactus Doweld in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 117. 2000 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)5
  • 5. Kew WCVP (2019)


Vázquez-Sánchez & al. (2013) found Ferocactus in its current circumscription to be vastly polyphyletic, and the same is true for sect. Bisnaga. The Ferocactus clade found by Vázquez-Sánchez & al. (2013) also includes the genera Leuchtenbergia, Glandulicactus, Stenocactus and Thelocactus, corroborating the results of a much less dense sampling by Hernández-Hernández & al. (2011). The Ferocactus clade is morphologically characterized by pericarpels with scales and ribbed stems, and Vázquez-Sánchez & al. (2013) suggested expanding Ferocactus to embrace the genera just mentioned is the best taxonomic solution to make Ferocactus monophyletic, yet Leuchtenbergia is the oldest name of this assemblage and would have priority, unless the name Ferocactus is conserved.A,B,C

Taxon standing

Category D. The genus is polyphyletic, paraphyletic or nested in another genus.


A. Hernández-Hernández, T., Hernández, H.M., De-Nova, J. A., Puente, R., Eguiarte, L.E. & Magallón, S. 2011: Phylogenetic relationships and evolution of growth form in Cactaceae (Caryophyllales, Eudicotyledoneae). – American Journal of Botany 98(1): 44-61. http://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.1000129
B. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
C. Vázquez-Sánchez, Terrazas, T., Arias, S. & Ochoterena, H. 2013: Molecular phylogeny, origin and taxonomic implications of the tribe Cacteae (Cactaceae). – Systematics and Biodiversity 11(1): 103-116. http://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2013.775191