Pilosocereus

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Pilosocereus

Pilosocereus Byles & G.D.Rowley in Cact. Succ. J. Gr. Brit. 19: 66. 1957 sec. Franck 20211 wfo-4000029708
      Type: Pilosocereus leucocephalus (Poselg.) Byles & G.D.Rowley
  • 1. Franck, A. R. 2021: Revisions of Cereus, Estevesia, Harrisia, Pilosocereus, Stenocereus, Xiquexique – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208
  • =Pseudopilocereus Buxb. in Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 44: 249. 1968 syn. sec. Hunt 20062 wfo-4000031629
    • Type: Pseudopilocereus arrabidae (Lem.) Buxb.
  • 2. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books

Notes

Calvente & al. (2017) revealed a paraphyletic Pilosocereus. Lavor & al. (2020) proposed the new genus Xiquexique to accommodate species of Pilosocereus subgen. Gounellea.A,B,C

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.

Acknowledgments

Revised by Alan R. Franck

Bibliography

A. Calvente, A., Moraes, E.M., Lavor, P., Bonatelli, I.A.S., Nacaguma, P., Versieux, L.M., Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D.C. 2017: Phylogenetic analyses of Pilosocereus (Cactaceae) inferred from plastid and nuclear sequences. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 183(1): 25-38. https://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12491
B. Köhler, M. 2021: Revisions of Airampoa, Brasiliopuntia, Opuntia, Salmonopuntia, Tacinga, Xiquexique. – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208
C. Lavor, P., Versieux, L.M. & Calvente, A. 2020: Phylogenetic relationships of Pilosocereus (Cactaceae) and taxonomic implications. – PlantNow 1(2): 52–70