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Myrtillocactus Console in Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Giardino Colon. Palermo 1: 10. 1897 sec. Hunt 20061 wfo-4000025211
      Nametype: Myrtillocactus geometrizans (Mart. ex Pfeiff.) Console
  • 1. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books
  • =Myrtillocereus Frič & Kreuz. in Kreuzinger, Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 11. 1935 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)2 wfo-4000025212
  • 2. Kew WCVP (2019)


Myrtillocactus schenkii and M. geometrizans were sampled by Arias & al. (2005) and were resolved sister to each other and in a polytomy with Polaskia chichipe, Myrtillocactus and Stenocereus. Hernández-Hernández & al. (2011) found a similar topology, with Myrtillocactus sister to a clade of Stenocereus, Polaskia, Escontria, and Isolatocereus, albeit with support <50%.A,B,C

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.


Revised by Carlos Gómez-Hinostrosa & Héctor M. Hernández


A. Arias, S., Terrazas, T., Arreola-Nava, H. J., Vázquez-Sánchez & Cameron, K. M. 2005: Phylogenetic relationships in Peniocereus (Cactaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data. – Journal of Plant Research 118(5): 317-328.
B. Hernández-Hernández, T., Hernández, H.M., De-Nova, J. A., Puente, R., Eguiarte, L.E. & Magallón, S. 2011: Phylogenetic relationships and evolution of growth form in Cactaceae (Caryophyllales, Eudicotyledoneae). – American Journal of Botany 98(1): 44-61.
C. Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A.R., Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Metzing, D., Müller, A., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B.O. & Berendsohn, W. G. 2021: Cactaceae at – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270.