Schlumbergera Lem. sec. Korotkova & al. 2011

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Schlumbergera Lem. sec. Korotkova & al. 2011

Schlumbergera Lem. in Ill. Hort. 5: 24. 1858 wfo-4000034500
      Nametype: Schlumbergera epiphylloides Lem., nom. illeg.
  • =Zygocactus K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 4(2): 223. 1890 syn. sec. Hunt 20061 wfo-4000041320
    • Nametype: Zygocactus truncatus (Haw.) K.Schum.
  • 1. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books
  • =Epiphyllanthus A.Berger in Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 16: 84. 1905 syn. sec. Hunt 20062 wfo-4000013625
    • Nametype: Epiphyllanthus obtusangulus (K.Schum.) A.Berger
  • 2. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books
  • =Zygocereus Frič & Kreuz. in Kreuzinger, Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 17. 1935 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)3 wfo-4000042586
  • 3. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Pseudozygocactus Backeb. in Blätt. Kakteenf. 1938(6): 5, 21. 1938 syn. sec. Korotkova 20214 wfo-4000031752
    • Nametype: Pseudozygocactus epiphylloides (Porto & Werderm.) Backeb.
  • 4. Korotkova, N. 2021: Revisions of Deamia, Disocactus, Epiphyllum, Hatiora, Kimnachia, Lepismium, Leuenbergeria, Lymanbensonia, Pereskia, Pfeiffera, Pseudorhipsalis, Rhipsalidopsis, Rhipsalis, Schlumbergera, Selenicereus, Strophocactus, Weberocereus, and various other names. In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 250-270. 10.3372/wi.51.51208
  • =×Schlumbergeranthus Doweld in Sukkulenty 4(1-2): 37. 2002 ["2001"] syn. sec. ??? wfo-4000034501


Schlumbergera (the Christmas cactus) is one of the best-known and one of the morphologically best-defined Cactaceae genera, recognizable by its flattened stems and bright pink zygomorphic flowers. Its monophyly was confirmed by the molecular phylogenetic analysis of Calvente & al. (2011a) and Korotkova & al. (2011).A,B,C

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.


Compiled by Nadja Korotkova

Descriptions (aggregated)

Stem width: 2.5 cm [1]; stem shape: flattened [6] entire plant habitat: epiphytic [6], epilithic [5]; entire plant orientation: pendent [5], semierect [2]; entire plant branching: acrotonic [6]; entire plant pubescence: glabrous [4] flower quantity per areol contemporaneously: 1 [6]; flower coloration: pink [6]; flower architecture: zygomorphic [5], actinomorphic [1]; flower position: apical [6]; flower size qualitativ: large [6] areole prominence: superficial [6] fruit coloration: greenish [3], yellow [2], green [2], brown [2], yellowish [1], white [1], red [1], pink [1], greeen [1]; fruit shape: subglobose [3], turbinate [1], spherical [1], globular [1] bud orientation: oblique [6]
A single or the first number in square brackets denotes sample size


A. Calvente, A., Zappi, D., Forest, F. & Lohmann, L.G. 2011: Molecular phylogeny of tribe Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae) and taxonomic implications for Schlumbergera and Hatiora. – Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58: 456-468
B. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383.
C. Korotkova, N., Borsch, T., Quandt, D., Taylor, N. P., Müller, K. & Barthlott, W. 2011: What does it take to resolve relationships and to identify species with molecular markers? An example from the epiphytic Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae). – American Journal of Botany 98(9): 1549-1572.