Rapicactus

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Rapicactus

Rapicactus Buxb. & Oehme in Cactaceae (Berlin) 1942(1): 24. 1942 sec. Vázquez-Sánchez & al. 20191 wfo-4000032569
  • Turbinicarpus subg. Rapicactus (Buxb. & Oehme) Zachar, Gen. Turbinicarpus: 93 (10). 2004, nom. inval. syn. sec. Aquino 20212 wfo-3500004035
    • Nametype: Rapicactus subterraneus (Backeb.) Buxb. & Oehme
  • 1. Vázquez-Sánchez, Sánchez, D., Terrazas, T., De La Rosa-Tilapa, A. & Arias, S. 2019: Polyphyly of the iconic cactus genus Turbinicarpus (Cactaceae) and its generic circumscription. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 190(4): 405-420. 10.1093/botlinnean/boz027, 2. Aquino, D. 2021: Revisions of Epithelantha, Kadenicarpus, Rapicactus, Turbinicarpus – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. 10.3372/wi.51.51208
  • =Lodia Mosco & Zanovello in Bradleya 18: 44. 2000 syn. sec. Aquino 20213 wfo-4000022066
    • Nametype: Lodia mandragora (Frič ex A.Berger) Mosco & Zanov.
  • 3. Aquino, D. 2021: Revisions of Epithelantha, Kadenicarpus, Rapicactus, Turbinicarpus – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. 10.3372/wi.51.51208

Notes

Traditionally included in Turbinicarpus, separated from it by Vázquez-Sánchez & al. (2013) after Turbinicarpus was found to be polyphyletic by them and previously also by Bárcenas & al. (2011). Subsequent evidence indicated that Rapicactus was an independent lineage of Turbinicarpus s.s. The presence of concentric druses in the hypodermis is a feature present in the members of Rapicactus (De la Rosa-Tilapa et al. 2019). Vázquez-Sánchez et al. (2019) performed a phylogenetic study that included five molecular markers (matK, rbcL, psbA-trnH, rpl16 and trnL-F) and anatomical characters. Rapicactus was recovered as monophyletic with maximal support as sister to Acharagma, Lophophora and Obregonia. In conclusion, Rapicactus is a lineage independent from Turbinicarpus s.s. Five species and four subspecies are recognized, of which Rapicactus beguini is the species with the greatest morphological variation (See treatment).A,B,C,D,E

Taxon standing

Category A: The genus is monophyletic based on a complete or very comprehensive phylogenetic study, and a phylogeny-based taxonomic synopsis was published.D

Acknowledgments

Revised by David Aquino

Bibliography

A. Aquino, D. 2021: Revisions of Epithelantha, Kadenicarpus, Rapicactus, Turbinicarpus – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208
B. Bárcenas, R.T., Yesson, C. & Hawkins, J. A. 2011: Molecular systematics of the Cactaceae. – Cladistics 27: 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00350.x
C. De la Rosa-Tilapa, A., Vázquez-Sánchez, M. & Terrazas, T. 2019: Stem anatomy of Turbinicarpus s.l. (Cacteae, Cactaceae) and its contribution to systematics. – Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology 153(4): 600-609. https://doi.org/10.1080/11263504.2018.1527791
D. Vázquez-Sánchez, Sánchez, D., Terrazas, T., De La Rosa-Tilapa, A. & Arias, S. 2019: Polyphyly of the iconic cactus genus Turbinicarpus (Cactaceae) and its generic circumscription. – Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 190(4): 405-420. https://doi.org/10.1093/botlinnean%2fboz027
E. Vázquez-Sánchez, Terrazas, T., Arias, S. & Ochoterena, H. 2013: Molecular phylogeny, origin and taxonomic implications of the tribe Cacteae (Cactaceae). – Systematics and Biodiversity 11(1): 103-116. https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2013.775191