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Vatricania Backeb. in Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 22: 154. 1950 sec. Schlumpberger & Renner 20121
  • 1. Schlumpberger, B. & Renner, S. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Echinopsis (Cactaceae): Polyphyly at all levels and convergent evolution of pollination modes and growth forms. – American Journal of Botany 99(8): 1335-1349


Included in Espostoa s.l. by Anderson (2001, 2005) and Hunt (2006), but found to be distant from Espostoa by Schlumpberger & Renner (2012). Consequently, the monotypic Vatricania was suggested to be reinstated.A,B,C,D

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.


A. Anderson, E. F. 2001: The Cactus Family. – Portland, Oregon: Timber Press
B. Anderson, E. F. 2005: Das große Kakteen-Lexikon. – Stuttgart: Ulmer
C. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383.
D. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books