Sclerocactus

Primary tabs

Sclerocactus

Sclerocactus Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 3: 212. 1922 sec. Hunt 20161 wfo-4000034711
      Nametype: Sclerocactus polyancistrus (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Britton & Rose
  • 1. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author
  • =Echinomastus Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 3: 147. 1922 syn. sec. Hunt 20062 wfo-4000012936
    • Nametype: Echinomastus erectocentrus (J.M.Coult.) Britton & Rose
  • 2. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books
  • =Toumeya Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 3: 91. 1922, nom. illeg. syn. sec. Hunt 20064 wfo-40000386293
    • Nametype: Toumeya papyracantha (Engelm.) Britton & Rose
  • 3. later homonym, 4. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books
  • =Ancistrocactus Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 3. 1923 syn. sec. Hunt 20065 wfo-4000001913
    • Nametype: Ancistrocactus megarhizus (Rose) Britton & Rose
  • 5. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books
  • =Roseia Frič in Život v Přír. 29(1): 15. 1925 syn. sec. Hunt 20166 wfo-4000033487
    • Nametype: Roseia castanedai Frič
  • 6. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author
  • =Coloradoa Boissev. & C.Davidson, Colorado Cact.: 54. 1940 syn. sec. Hunt 20067 wfo-4000008974
    • Nametype: Coloradoa mesae-verdae Boissev. & C.Davidson
  • 7. Hunt, D.R. 2006: The New Cactus Lexicon. – Milborne Port: dh books

Notes

Revisions/monographs by Heil & Porter (1994) and Hochstätter (2005). Confirmed as monophyletic by Butterworth & al. (2002) and Vázquez-Sánchez & al. (2013). The generic status and limits of Echinomastus need further evaluation because it was found polyphyletic by Vázquez-Sánchez & al. (2013).A,B,C,D,E

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.

Acknowledgments

Revised by Carlos Gómez-Hinostrosa & Héctor M. Hernández

Bibliography

A. Butterworth, C. A., Cota-Sanchez, J. H. & Wallace, R. S. 2002: Molecular systematics of tribe Cacteae (Cactaceae: Cactoideae): A phylogeny based on rpl16 intron sequence variation. – Systematic Botany 27(2): 257-270. https://doi.org/10.1043/0363-6445-27.2.257
B. Heil, K.D. & Porter, J.M. 1994: Sclerocactus (Cactaceae): a revision. – Haseltonia 2: 20-46
C. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
D. Hochstätter, F. 2005: The genus Sclerocactus tribe Cacteae, family Cactaceae. – Mannheim: Published by the author
E. Vázquez-Sánchez, Terrazas, T., Arias, S. & Ochoterena, H. 2013: Molecular phylogeny, origin and taxonomic implications of the tribe Cacteae (Cactaceae). – Systematics and Biodiversity 11(1): 103-116. https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2013.775191