Echinopsis Zucc. sec. Schlumpberger & Renner 2012

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Echinopsis Zucc. sec. Schlumpberger & Renner 2012

Echinopsis Zucc. in Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 2: 675. 1837 wfo-4000012949
      Type: Echinopsis eyriesii (Turpin) Zucc.
  • =Echinonyctanthus Lem., Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov.: 10. 1839 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 19221 wfo-4000012940
  • 1. Britton, N. L. & Rose, J.N. 1922: Cactaceae 3.
  • =Aureilobivia Frič ex Kreuz., Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 33. 1935 syn. sec. Kew 20192 wfo-4000042535
  • 2. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • =Lobiviopsis Frič ex Kreuz., Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 34. 1935 syn. sec. Kew 20193 wfo-4000042633
  • 3. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • =Hymenorebutia Frič ex Buining in Succulenta (Netherlands) 21: 101. 1939 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+4 wfo-4000018694
  • 4. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org.
  • =Acantholobivia Backeb. in Cactaceae (Berlin) 1941(2): 76. 1942 syn. sec. ??? wfo-4000000126
  • Acanthanthus Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 354. 1981, nom. illeg. syn. sec. Schlumpberger & Renner 20125 wfo-4000000089
    • Type: Acantholobivia tegeleriana (Backeb.) Backeb.
  • 5. Schlumpberger, B. & Renner, S. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Echinopsis (Cactaceae): Polyphyly at all levels and convergent evolution of pollination modes and growth forms. – American Journal of Botany 99(8): 1335-1349
  • =Pseudolobivia (Backeb.) Backeb. in Jahrb. Deutsch. Kakteen-Ges. 1941(2): 76. 1942 syn. sec. ??? wfo-4000031571
    • Type: Pseudolobivia ancistrophora (Speg.) Backeb.
  • =Furiolobivia Y.Itô, Explan. Diagr. Austroechinocactinae: 286. 1957 syn. sec. Kew 20196 wfo-4000015139
  • 6. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • =Salpingolobivia Y.Itô, Explan. Diagr. Austroechinocactinae: 290. 1957 syn. sec. Schlumpberger & Renner 20127 wfo-4000033872
  • 7. Schlumpberger, B. & Renner, S. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Echinopsis (Cactaceae): Polyphyly at all levels and convergent evolution of pollination modes and growth forms. – American Journal of Botany 99(8): 1335-1349
  • =×Echinobivia G.D.Rowley in Natl. Cact. Succ. J. 21: 82. 1966 syn. sec. Kew 20198 wfo-4000042730
  • 8. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • =Cosmantha Y.Itô, Hana Shaboten Zufu: 148. 1967 syn. sec. Kew 20199 wfo-4000042696
  • 9. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • =×Salpingolobiviopsis Y.Itô, Hana Shaboten Zufu: 48. 1967 syn. sec. Kew 201910 wfo-4000042593
  • 10. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • =×Soehrenantha Y.Itô, Shaboten (Zushi) 92: 25. 1976 syn. sec. Kew 201911 wfo-4000042543
  • 11. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • 12. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • =×Chamaecereopsis P.V.Heath in Calyx 1: 103. 1992 syn. sec. Kew 201913 wfo-4000042604
  • 13. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • =×Soehrenopsis Ficzere & Fabian, Debreceni Pozsgástár 18(2): 5. 2015 syn. sec. Kew 201914 wfo-4000042673
  • 14. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • Hymenorebulobivia Frič ex Kreuz., Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 29. 1935, nom. inval. syn. sec. Kew 201915 wfo-4000042733
  • 15. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • Megalobivia Y.Itô in Bull. Takarazuka Insectarium 71: 17. 1950, nom. inval. syn. sec. Kew 201916 wfo-4000042617
  • 16. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • Pilopsis Y.Itô in Bull. Takarazuka Insectarium 71: 17. 1950, nom. inval. syn. sec. Kew 201917 wfo-4000042518
  • 17. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
  • ×Soehrenfuria Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 649. 1981, nom. inval. syn. sec. Kew 201918 wfo-4000042551
  • 18. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens

Notes

Molecular phylogenetic studies indicate that previous taxonomic concepts for the Echinopsis alliance fail to reflect natural relationships (e.g. Schlumpberger & Renner 2012). For a natural classification the following segregate genera are accepted here: Acanthocalycium, Chamaecereus, Echinopsis, Leucostele, Lobivia, Reicheocactus, Setiechinopsis, Soehrensia and Trichocereus. The new generic concept for the Echinopsis alliance, with all the segregate genera accepted, was also already used in the 3rd edition of the CITES Cactaceae Checklist (Hunt 2016).A,B,C

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.

Acknowledgments

Revised by Boris O. Schlumpberger

Bibliography

A. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author
B. Schlumpberger, B. & Renner, S. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Echinopsis (Cactaceae): Polyphyly at all levels and convergent evolution of pollination modes and growth forms. – American Journal of Botany 99(8): 1335-1349
C. Schlumpberger, B. 2021: Revisions of Acanthocalycium, Echinopsis, Leucostele, Lobivia, Setiechinopsis, Soehrensia, Reicheocactus, Trichocereus. – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208