Echinopsis

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Echinopsis

Echinopsis Zucc. in Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 2: 675. 1837 sec. Schlumpberger & Renner 20121
  • 1. Schlumpberger, B. & Renner, S. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Echinopsis (Cactaceae): Polyphyly at all levels and convergent evolution of pollination modes and growth forms. – American Journal of Botany 99(8): 1335-1349
  • =Echinonyctanthus Lem., Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov.: 10. 1839 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 19222
  • 2. Britton, N. L. & Rose, J.N. 1922: Cactaceae 3
  • =Aureilobivia Frič ex Kreuz., Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 33. 1935 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)3
  • 3. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Lobiviopsis Frič ex Kreuz., Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 34. 1935 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)4
  • 4. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Hymenorebutia Frič ex Buining in Succulenta (Netherlands) 21: 101. 1939 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+5
  • 5. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org
  • 6. Schlumpberger, B. & Renner, S. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Echinopsis (Cactaceae): Polyphyly at all levels and convergent evolution of pollination modes and growth forms. – American Journal of Botany 99(8): 1335-1349
  • =Furiolobivia Y.Itô, Explan. Diagr. Austroechinocactinae: 286. 1957 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)7
  • 7. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Salpingolobivia Y.Itô, Explan. Diagr. Austroechinocactinae: 290. 1957 syn. sec. Schlumpberger & Renner 20128
  • 8. Schlumpberger, B. & Renner, S. 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of Echinopsis (Cactaceae): Polyphyly at all levels and convergent evolution of pollination modes and growth forms. – American Journal of Botany 99(8): 1335-1349
  • =×Echinobivia G.D.Rowley in Natl. Cact. Succ. J. 21: 82. 1966 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)9
  • 9. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Cosmantha Y.Itô, Hana Shaboten Zufu: 148. 1967 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)10
  • 10. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =×Salpingolobiviopsis Y.Itô, Hana Shaboten Zufu: 48. 1967 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)11
  • 11. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =×Soehrenantha Y.Itô, Shaboten (Zushi) 92: 25. 1976 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)12
  • 12. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =×Soehrenlobivia Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 650. 1981 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)13
  • 13. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =×Chamaecereopsis P.V.Heath in Calyx 1: 103. 1992 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)14
  • 14. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =×Soehrenopsis Ficzere & Fabian, Debreceni Pozsgástár 18(2): 5. 2015 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)15
  • 15. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Hymenorebulobivia Frič ex Kreuz., Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 29. 1935, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)16
  • 16. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Megalobivia Y.Itô in Bull. Takarazuka Insectarium 71: 17. 1950, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)17
  • 17. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Pilopsis Y.Itô in Bull. Takarazuka Insectarium 71: 17. 1950, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)18
  • 18. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • ×Soehrenfuria Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 649. 1981, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)19
  • 19. Kew WCVP (2019)

Notes

Molecular phylogenetic studies indicate that previous taxonomic concepts for the Echinopsis alliance fail to reflect natural relationships (e.g. Schlumpberger & Renner 2012). For a natural classification the following segregate genera are accepted here: Acanthocalycium, Chamaecereus, Echinopsis, Leucostele, Lobivia, Reicheocactus, Setiechinopsis, Soehrensia and Trichocereus. The new generic concept for the Echinopsis alliance, with all the segregate genera accepted, was also already used in the 3rd edition of the CITES Cactaceae Checklist (Hunt 2016).A

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.

Acknowledgments

Revised by Boris O. Schlumpberger

Bibliography

A. Schlumpberger, B. 2021: Revisions of Acanthocalycium, Echinopsis, Leucostele, Lobivia, Setiechinopsis, Soehrensia, Reicheocactus, Trichocereus. – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208