Salmonopuntia

Primary tabs

Salmonopuntia

Salmonopuntia P.V.Heath in Calyx 6(2): 41. 1999 sec. Köhler & al. 20201 wfo-4000033856
  • Salmiopuntia Frič ex Guiggi in Cactology 2 (Suppl.): 2. 2011, nom. illeg. syn. sec. Köhler & al. 20212 wfo-4000033854
  • Salmiopuntia Frič ex Kreuz., Verzeichnis Amer. Sukk. Rev. Syst. Kakteen: 41. 1935, nom. inval. syn. sec. Köhler & al. 20212 wfo-4000042557
    • Nametype: Salmonopuntia salmiana (J.Parm. ex Pfeiff.) P.V.Heath
  • 1. Köhler, M., Reginato, M., Souza-Chies, T.T. & Majure, L.C. 2020: Insights into chloroplast genome evolution across Opuntioideae (Cactaceae) reveals robust yet sometimes conflicting phylogenetic topologies. – Frontiers in Plant Science 11. 10.3389/fpls.2020.00729, 2. Köhler, M., Font, F., Puente-Martinez, R. & Majure, L.C. 2021: “That’s Opuntia, that was!”, again: a new combination for an old and enigmatic Opuntia s.l. (Cactaceae). – Phytotaxa 505(3): 262–274. 10.11646/phytotaxa.505.3.2

Notes

Phylogenetics: Opuntia salmiana has been found as a well-supported lineage out of the Opuntia s.str. clade (Griffith & Porter 2009; Majure & al. 2012; Köhler et al. 2020, 2021), and so treated as separate genus recognized by a combination of distinctive morphological features (Köhler et al., 2021). The former Salmiopuntia Frič is an invalid name (Mottram 2014), and the attempted validation (Guiggi 2011) superfluous, considering Heath (1999).A,B,C,D,E

Distribution (Area)

Argentina Bolivia

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.

Acknowledgments

Revised by Matias Köhler

Citation

Köhler, M. 2021: Revisions of Airampoa, Brasiliopuntia, Opuntia, Salmonopuntia, Tacinga, Xiquexique. – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208

Bibliography

A. Griffith, M.P. & Porter, J.M. 2009: Phylogeny of Opuntioideae (Cactaceae). – International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(1): 107-116. https://doi.org/10.1086/593048
B. Köhler, M. 2021: Revisions of Airampoa, Brasiliopuntia, Opuntia, Salmonopuntia, Tacinga, Xiquexique. – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.51.51208
C. Köhler, M., Font, F., Puente-Martinez, R. & Majure, L.C. 2021: “That’s Opuntia, that was!”, again: a new combination for an old and enigmatic Opuntia s.l. (Cactaceae). – Phytotaxa 505(3): 262–274. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.505.3.2
D. Köhler, M., Reginato, M., Souza-Chies, T.T. & Majure, L.C. 2020: Insights into chloroplast genome evolution across Opuntioideae (Cactaceae) reveals robust yet sometimes conflicting phylogenetic topologies. – Frontiers in Plant Science 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00729
E. Majure, L.C., Puente, R., Griffith, M.P., Judd, W.S., Soltis, P.S. & Soltis, D.E. 2012: Phylogeny of Opuntia s.s. (Cactaceae): Clade delineation, geographic origins, and reticulate evolution. – American Journal of Botany 99(5): 847-864. https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.1100375