Stellaria

Primary tabs

Stellaria

Stellaria L., Sp. Pl.: 421. 1753 sec. Hernández-Ledesma & al. 2015 [& Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 193. 1754]. 1
  • 1. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
  • =Alsine L., Sp. Pl.: 272. 1753 syn. sec. Hernández-Ledesma & al. 2015 [& Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 143. 1754], [Type affirmed by Hitchcock in Sprague, Nom. Prop. Brit. Bot.: 143. 1929]. 2
  • 2. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301, 3. Britton, N. L. & Brown 1913: Ill. Fl. N. U.S., ed. 2, 2
  • 4. Sharples, M.T. & Tripp, E.A. 2019: Phylogenetic relationships within and delimitation of the cosmopolitan flowering plant genus Stellaria L. (Caryophyllaceae): core stars and fallen stars. – Systematic Botany 44(4): 857-876. http://doi.org/10.1600/036364419X15710776741440
  • =Plettkea Mattf. in Schriften Vereins Naturk. Unterweser 7: 11, 13, 17. 1934 syn. sec. Montesinos-Tubée & Borsch 20235
  • Stellaria sect. Plettkea (Mattf.) Montesinos & Borsch in Willdenowia 53(3): 127. 2023 syn. sec. Hernández-Ledesma & al. 20156
  • 5. Montesinos-Tubée, D.B. & Borsch, T. 2023: Molecular phylogenetics and morphology reveal the Plettkea lineage including several members of Arenaria and Pycnophyllopsis to be a clade of 21 South American species nested within Stellaria (Caryophyllaceae, Alsineae). – Willdenowia 53(3): 115-148. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.53.53301, 6. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
  • 7. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
  • 8. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
  • =Baretia Timaná in Adansonia, ser. 3, 45: 502. 2023 syn. sec. Montesinos-Tubée & Borsch 20239
  • 9. Montesinos-Tubée, D.B. & Borsch, T. 2023: Molecular phylogenetics and morphology reveal the Plettkea lineage including several members of Arenaria and Pycnophyllopsis to be a clade of 21 South American species nested within Stellaria (Caryophyllaceae, Alsineae). – Willdenowia 53(3): 115-148. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.53.53301
  • =Stellularia Hill, Gen. Nat. Hist. 2(Hist. Pl.): 436. 1773 syn. sec. Hernández-Ledesma & al. 201510
  • 10. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301

Notes

A genus of about 150 to more likely 200 species of Eurasia and North America, most diverse in the mountains of central Asia. Stellaria is in need of a monographic revision; the most recent infrageneric classification is that of Pax & Hoffman (1934). Greenberg & Donoghue (2011) conducted the most extensive sampling of Stellaria to date, including 44 species. Stellaria is clearly polyphyletic and in need of further study: S. obtusa Engelm. appeared as a sister to a clade including Wilhemsia, Honckenya, and Schiedea; three Mexican/Caribbean species were sister to Minuartia sect. Uninerviae (= Mononeuria of Dillenberger & Kadereit 2014); S. americana (Porter ex B. L. Rob.) Standl. clustered with Pseudostellaria jamesiana (Torr.) W. A. Weber & R. L. Hartm.; and S. holostea, the type of Stellaria, appeared as sister to the clade that includes Cerastium, Dichodon, Holosteum, Moenchia, and the majority of Stellaria species sampled.
Myosoton used to be treated as a monotypic genus. Treatment of the species as Stellaria aquatica L. may be warranted pending a serious review of Stellaria. It was found clustering near species of Stellaria sect. Stellaria by both Harbaugh & al. (2010) and by Greenberg & Donoghue (2011) in a study that more densely sampled Stellaria.A

Bibliography

A. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301