Minuartia

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Minuartia

Minuartia L., Sp. Pl.: 89. 1753 sec. Hernández-Ledesma & al. 20151
  • 1. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
  • 2. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
  • =Alsine [unranked] Tryphane Fenzl in Endlicher, Gen. Pl.: 965. 1840 syn. sec. Hernández-Ledesma & al. 20153
  • Tryphane Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 5: 28; Nom. 205. 1841 syn. sec. Hernández-Ledesma & al. 20153
  • 3. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
  • =Alsinopsis Small, Fl. S.E. U.S.: 419. 1903 syn. sec. Hernández-Ledesma & al. 20154
  • 4. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
  • =Minuopsis W.A.Weber in Phytologia 58(6): 383. 1985 syn. sec. Hernández-Ledesma & al. 20155
  • 5. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301

Notes

About 54 species, chiefly in Mediterranean Europe and eastward into south-central Asia. While several molecular studies had shown Minuartia to be polyphyletic, Dillenberger & Kadereit’s (2014) study is the most comprehensive to date, including the first sequences for Minuartia sect. Minuartia. They found that the 96 species of Minuartia sampled belonged to ten different clades representing four different tribes. This circumscription restricts Minuartia to two of the twelve sections of Minuartia subg. Minuartia recognised by McNeill (1962).A

Distribution (General)

S and C Europe, N and E Africa, SW and C Asia to PakistanB

Description

Herbs and suffruticose plants, annual or perennial. [Roots describe. ]Stems erect or prostrate, lax to pulvinate, (sub-)terete. Leaves opposite; stipules absent; sessile; blade 1–9-veined, filiform-linear to linear-subulate or setaceous, herbaceous, sometimes in fascicles[, apex shape]. Inflorescence terminal and usually open cymes, lax or congested or flowers solitary; bracts paired, herbaceous; pedicels erect. Flowers hermaphroditic, actinomorphic; perianth and androecium hypogynous;[ hypanthium shape;] sepals 5, distinct, green, (ob-)ovate to linear-lanceolate, herbaceous, sometimes strongly hardened at base, margins herbaceous or scarious, , apex acute or acuminate, not awned or hooded; petals 5, free, white, without claw, without auricles, without coronal appendages, blade (ob-)ovate or oblong, usually contracted at the base, obtuse, rarely acute; stamens (3–)5 or 10, arising from a hypogynous disc, filaments distinct, staminodia absent; ovary with 1 locule, styles 3, distinct, filiform, stigmas 3[, shape, +/- papillate]. Fruits capsule, ovate to oblong, dehisce by 3 valves, often membranous; carpophore absent. Seeds few to many, yellowish brown to dark brown, reniform, with a flat or rounded dorsal ridge, [compressed or not, ](obscurely) tuberculate, fimbriate, papillose or echinate or ± smooth, without marginal wings or appendages.
x = (13, 14)15B

Bibliography

A. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
B. Dillenberger, M. S. 2022+: this publication