Coccoloba

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Coccoloba

Coccoloba P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 209. 1756, nom. cons. sec. Brandbyge 19931 wfo-4000008721
      Nametype: Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L.
  • 1. Brandbyge, J. 1993: Polygonaceae, 531 – 544. – In: Kubitzki, K., Rohwer, J.G. & Bittrich, V. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 2. – Berlin, Heidelberg & New York: Springer
  • =Guiabara Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 277. 1763 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)2
  • 2. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Naucorephes Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 34. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)3
  • 3. Kew WCVP (2019)

      Notes

      Coccoloba includes c. 120 Neotropical species which are grouped in four areas with distinguished endemism: Antilles, Central America, north of South America, and the Amazon region of Brazil (Stohr1982; Brandbyge 1993). The presence of an ocrea (also ochrea), flowers with five tepals and eight stamens, and the globose or trigonous achene are the fundamental characteristics which support the relationships among Coccoloba, Neomillspauhia S. F. Blake and Podopterus Humb. & Bonpl. (Sanchez & al. 2009; Burke & al. 2010; Burke & Sanchez 2011). The particular ecological conditions and ecological isolation of the Antilles allow inferring a radiation, mainly in Cuba and Hispaniola, with c. 40 endemic species; however, there is no biogeographic hypothesis for the genus. Currently, Coccoloba is classified in several sections, which have not been phylogenetically evaluated.A,B,C,D,E,F

      Bibliography

      A. Brandbyge, J. 1993: Polygonaceae, 531 – 544. – In: Kubitzki, K., Rohwer, J.G. & Bittrich, V. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 2. – Berlin, Heidelberg & New York: Springer
      B. Burke, J. M. & Sanchez, A. 2011: Revised subfamily classification for Polygonaceae, with a tribal classification for Eriogonoideae. – Brittonia 63: 510-520. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-011-9197-x
      C. Burke, J. M., Sanchez, A., Kron, K. A. & Luckow, M. 2010: Placing the woody tropical genera of Polygonaceae: a hypothesis of character evolution and phylogeny. – American Journal of Botany 97: 1377–1390
      D. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
      E. Sanchez, A., Schuster, T. M. & Kron, K. A. 2009: A large scale phylogeny of Polygonaceae based on molecular data. – International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(8): 1044-1055
      F. Stohr, G. 1982: Entfaltungszentren der Gattung Coccoloba L. (Polygonaceae) in der Neotropis. – Revista del Jardin Botanico Nacional, Universidad de la Habana 3: 129–144