Gypsophila, Sp. Pl. 1: 406. 1753 sec. Madhani & al. 2018
- Type: Gypsophila repens
- =Rokejeka, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 90. 1775 syn. sec. ???
- Type: Rokejeka capillaris
- =Vaccaria, Gen. Pl.: 3. 1776 syn. sec. ???
- Type: Vaccaria pyramidata
- =Hagenia, Methodus: 61. 1794 syn. sec. Madhani & al. 2018
- Type: Hagenia filiformis
- =Arrostia, Caratt. Nouv. Gen.: 75. 1810 syn. sec. Madhani & al. 2018
- Type: Arrostia dichotoma
- =Dichoglottis in Index Seminum (St. Petersburg [Petropolitanus]) 1: 25. 1835 syn. sec. Madhani & al. 2018
- =Ankyropetalum in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 1: 393. 1843 syn. sec. ???
- =Bolbosaponaria in Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 327. 1971 syn. sec. ???
- =Pseudosaponaria in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 144. 1979 syn. sec. ???
- Type: Pseudosaponaria pilosa
Gypsophila includes about 150 species and is especially diverse in the eastern Mediterranean and southwestern Asia. Most of the infrageneric classification is derived from Barkoudah’s (1962) monograph of Gypsophila and three related genera. Greenberg & Donoghue (2011) included 24 species in their analysis and found Gypsophila to be polyphyletic, with most species forming a clade sister to Saponaria and four species resolving close to Dianthus/Petrorhagia; one of these species, G. muralis L., is here treated as Psammophiliella. Pirani & al. (2014) found G. cerastioides D.Don nested within Acanthophyllum. Recognition of Bolbosaponaria seems likely; while Greenberg & Donoghue (2011) found B. bucharica (B. Fedtsch.) Bondarenko clustered with two other species of Gypsophila, Pirani & al. (2014) found it to be a sister taxon to Diaphonoptera afghanica Podl.A Vaccaria: One or four species, native to Eurasia. While usually thought to be closely related to Saponaria, both Harbaugh & al. (2010) and Greenberg & Donoghue (2011) found a potential relation with Gypsophila based on different vouchers; sister to Gypsophila in the former study, clustering near the base of a Gypsophila clade in the latter.A. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W.G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N. & Nyffeler, R. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383