Tamaricaceae

Tamaricaceae

Introduction

Five genera and c. 80 species occurring in Africa, Asia and Europe with major distribution in the Irano-Turanian and Mediterranean regions (Gaskin 2003). Phylogenetic studies support the monophyly of the genera. Three well supported clades have been recovered: 1) Tamarix, 2) Myrtama and Myricaria, and 3) Hololachna and Reaumuria. Tamarix is sister to a clade comprising Myrtama and Myricaria, and this group is sister to Hololachna and Reaumuria (Gaskin & al. 2004). The main feature in most genera of Tamaricaceae is the presence of salt glands which enable the successfull growth in salty and riparian habitats.

Synonymy

Tamaricaceae Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 291. 1821, nom. cons., sec. APG III (2009)