Five genera and c. 80 species occurring in Africa, Asia and Europe with major distribution in the Irano-Turanian and Mediterranean regions (Gaskin 2003). Phylogenetic studies support the monophyly of the genera. Three well supported clades have been recovered: 1) Tamarix, 2) Myrtama and Myricaria, and 3) Hololachna and Reaumuria. Tamarix is sister to a clade comprising Myrtama and Myricaria, and this group is sister to Hololachna and Reaumuria (Gaskin & al. 2004). The main feature in most genera of Tamaricaceae is the presence of salt glands which enable the successfull growth in salty and riparian habitats.
Tamaricaceae , Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 291. 1821, nom. cons., sec. APG III (2009)
- Type: Tamarix