Microteaceae in Willdenowia 39: 223. 2010 sec. APG III (2009)
- Type: Microtea
A monogeneric family restricted to the Neotropics and distributed from Central America and the Antilles to South America (Rohwer 1993; Schäferhoff & al. 2009). Based mainly on the presence of single-ovuled ovaries, Nowicke (1968) placed Microtea, together with Lophiocarpus, in Phytolaccaceae subfamily Microteoideae. However, Schäferhoff & al. (2009) showed that these two genera are not closely related and the position of Microtea as an independent lineage was well-supported, resulting in the description of the new family. These results were later confirmed by Brockington & al. (2011).