Beta

Primary tabs

Beta

Beta L., Sp. Pl.: 222. 1753 sec. Kadereit & al. 20061
  • 1. Kadereit, G., Hohmann & Kadereit, J. W. 2006: A synopsis of Chenopodiaceae subfam. Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta. – Willdenowia 36: 9-19

Notes

Beta comprises seven species of annuals or biennial and perennial herbs with a storage root. Beta is subdivided into two sections and is the only genus of tribe Beteae. Beta sect. Procumbentes (= sect. Patellares) was excluded from Beta on the basis of molecular phylogenetic and morphological results (see under Patellifolia; Hohmann & al. 2006, Kadereit & al. 2006). Beta vulgaris and its various cultivated varieties (sugar beet, beet root, fodder beet and chard) are the economically most important crops within Caryophyllales (McGrath & al. 2011). For B. vulgaris the chloroplast genome (Li & al. 2014) and the nuclear genome (Dohm & al. 2014) have been sequenced.A,B,C,D,E,F

Bibliography

A. Dohm, J.C., Minoche, A.E., Holtgräwe, D., Capella-Gutiérrez, S., Zakrzewski, F., Tafer, H., Rupp, O., Sörensen, T.R., Stracke, R., Reinhardt, R., Goesmann, A., Kraft, T., Schulz, B., Stadler, P.F., Schmidt, T., Gabaldón, T., Lehrach, H., Weisshaar, B. & Himmelbauer, H. 2014: The genome of the recently domesticated crop plant sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). – Nature 505(7484): 546-549. http://doi.org/10.1038/nature12817
B. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. http://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
C. Hohmann, S., Kadereit, J. W. & Kadereit, G. 2006: Understanding Mediterranean-Californian disjunctions: evidence from Chenopodiaceae–Betoideae. – Taxon 55: 67 – 78. http://doi.org/10.2307/25065529
D. Kadereit, G., Hohmann & Kadereit, J. W. 2006: A synopsis of Chenopodiaceae subfam. Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta. – Willdenowia 36: 9-19
E. Li, H., Cao, H., Cai, Y.-F., Wang, J.-H., Qu, S.-P. & Huang, X.-Q. 2014: The complete chloroplast genome sequence of sugar beet(Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris). – Mitochondrial DNA 25(3): 209-211. http://doi.org/10.3109/19401736.2014.883611
F. McGrath, J. M., Panella, L. W. & Frese, L. 2011: Beta, 1 – 28. – In: Kole, C. (ed.), Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources industrial crops. – Heidelberg: Springer