Primary tabs


Bienertia Bunge ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 945. 1879 sec. Kühn 19931
  • 1. Kühn, U. 1993: Chenopodiaceae, pp. 253-281. – In: Kubitzki, K., Rohwer, J.G. & Bittrich, V. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 2. – Berlin, Heidelberg & New York: Springer


The genus comprises three species that grow in temporarily wet saline habitats in Iran and surrounding countries (Akhani & al. 2005, 2012). The discovery of Akhani & al. (1997) and Freitag & Stichler (2002) that B. cycloptera Bunge is a C4 plant without Kranz tissues triggered a large number of physiological, biochemical, and genetic studies investigating C4 photosynthesis in this genus (Akhani & al. 2009).A,B,C,D,E,F


A. Akhani, H., Barroca, J., Koteyeva, N. K., Voznesenskaya, E., Franceschi, V., Edwards, G. E., Ghaffari, S. M. & Ziegler, H. 2005: Bienertia sinuspersici (Chenopodiaceae): A new species from southwest Asia and discovery of a third terrestrial C4 plant without Kranz anatomy. – Systematic Botany 30: 290 – 301.
B. Akhani, H., Chatrenoor, T., Dehghani, Mehdi, Khoshravesh, R., Madhavi, P. & Matinzadeh, Z. 2012: A new species of Bienertia (Chenopodiaceae) from Iranian salt deserts: A third species of the genus and discovery of a fourth terrestrial C4 plant without Kranz anatomy. – Pl. Biosyst. 16: 550 – 559
C. Akhani, H., Lara, M. V., Ghasemkhani, M., Ziegler, H. & Edwards, G. E. 2009: Does Bienertia cycloptera with the single-cell system of C4 photosynthesis exhibit a seasonal pattern of delta C13 values in nature similar to co-existing C4 Chenopodiaceae having the dual-cell (Kranz) system?. – Photosynthesis Research 99: 23-36
D. Akhani, H., Trimborn, P. & Ziegler, H. 1997: Photosynthetic pathways in Chenopodiaceae from Africa, Asia and Europe with their ecological, phytogeographical and taxonomical importance. – Plant Systematics and Evolution 206: 187 – 221
E. Freitag, H. E. & Stichler, W. 2002: Bienertia cycloptera Bunge ex Boiss., Chenopodiaceae, another C4 Plant without Kranz tissues. – Plant Biology 4: 121 – 132.
F. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383.