Mesembryanthemum

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Mesembryanthemum

Mesembryanthemum L., Sp. Pl.: 480. 1753, nom. cons., sec. Klak & al. 20071
  • Gasoul Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 243. 1763, nom. illeg., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)3,2
  • 1. Klak, C., Bruyns, P. V. & Hedderson, T. A. J. 2007: A phylogeny and new classification for Mesembryanthemoideae (Aizoaceae). – Taxon 56: 737-756. http://doi.org/10.2307/25065857, 2. Gerbaulet, M. & Hartmann, H. E. K. 2017: Mesembryanthemum. – In: Hartmann, H. E. K., Illustrated handbook of succulent plants. Aizoaceae, ed. 2. – Berlin: Springer, 3. Kew WCVP (2019), 4. Gerbaulet, M. & Hartmann, H. E. K. 2017: Mesembryanthemum. – In: Hartmann, H. E. K., Illustrated handbook of succulent plants. Aizoaceae, ed. 2. – Berlin: Springer, 5. Gerbaulet, M. & Hartmann, H. E. K. 2017: Mesembryanthemum. – In: Hartmann, H. E. K., Illustrated handbook of succulent plants. Aizoaceae, ed. 2. – Berlin: Springer
  • =Ficoides Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4: s.p. 1754 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)6
  • 6. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mesembryum Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 242. 1763 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)7
  • 7. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mesembryanthes Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 127. 1812 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)8
  • 8. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • 9. Klak, C., Bruyns, P. V. & Hedderson, T. A. J. 2007: A phylogeny and new classification for Mesembryanthemoideae (Aizoaceae). – Taxon 56: 737-756. http://doi.org/10.2307/25065857
  • =Nycterianthemum Haw., Saxifrag. Enum. 2: 179. 1821 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)10
  • 10. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • 11. Kew WCVP (2019), 12. Gerbaulet, M. 2017: Cryophytum, pp. 369-377. – In: Hartmann, H. E. K., Illustrated handbook of succulent plants. Aizoaceae, ed. 2. – Berlin: Springer
  • =Neo-aridaria A.G.J.Herre, Gen. Mesembryanthemac.: 16. 1971, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)13
  • 13. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Gynicidia Neck., Elem. Bot. 2: 81. 1790, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)15,14
  • 14. Gerbaulet, M. & Hartmann, H. E. K. 2017: Mesembryanthemum. – In: Hartmann, H. E. K., Illustrated handbook of succulent plants. Aizoaceae, ed. 2. – Berlin: Springer, 15. Kew WCVP (2019)

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Notes

A new infrageneric classification has been proposed by Klak & Bruyns (2013). A broad generic circumscription for Mesembryanthemum has been re-affirmed and Mesembryanthemum subdivided into five subgenera, with all five shown to be monophyletic. Two species were recently re-instated and shown to form part of subgenus Volkeranthus, which is sister to the remainder of Mesembryanthemum (Klak & al. 2014). Thus, Mesembryanthemum currently includes 105 species.