Blitum

Primary tabs

Blitum

Blitum L., Sp. Pl.: 4. 1753 sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20121 wfo-4000004809
  • Morocarpus Boehm., Def. Gen. Pl., ed. 3: 385. 1760, nom. illeg. syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20121
  • Chenopodium sect. Blitum (L.) Benth. & Hook.f. in Bentham & Hooker (ed.), Gen. Pl. 3(1): 52. 1880 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20121
  • Chenopodium sect. Eublitum Aellen in Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 41: 103. 1930 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20121
  • Chenopodium subg. Blitum (L.) Hiitonen, Suom. Kasvio: 307. 1933 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20121
    • Type: Blitum capitatum L.; Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi designated by Britton & Brown 1913: 152; Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi designated by Britton & Brown 1913: 152; Morocarpus capitatus (L.) Scop.; Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi designated by Britton & Brown 1913: 152
  • 1. S.Fuentes, Uotila, P. & Borsch, T. 2012: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). – Willdenowia 42(1): 5-24. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.42.42101, 2. Britton, N. L. & Brown 1913: Ill. Fl. N. U.S., ed. 2, 2
  • =Anserina Dumort., Fl. Belg. 1: 21. 1827 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20123
  • Agathophytum Moq. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2 1: 291. 1834, nom. illeg. syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20123
  • Orthosporum subg. Agathophytum T.Nees, Gen. Fl. Germ. [1]: ad. t. [57]. 1835 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20123
  • Chenopodium sect. Agathophytum (T.Nees) Benth. & Hook.f. in Bentham & Hooker (ed.), Gen. Pl. 3(1): 52. 1880 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20123
    • Type: Agathophytum bonus-henricus (L.) Moq.; Anserina bonus-henricus (L.) Dumort.
  • 3. S.Fuentes, Uotila, P. & Borsch, T. 2012: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). – Willdenowia 42(1): 5-24. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.42.42101
  • =Monolepis Schrad. in Index Seminum Hort. Acad. Gotting. 1830: 4. 1830 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20124 wfo-4000024713
    • Type: Monolepis trifida Schrad.
  • 4. S.Fuentes, Uotila, P. & Borsch, T. 2012: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). – Willdenowia 42(1): 5-24. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.42.42101
  • =Chenopodium [unranked] Californica Standl., N. Amer. Fl. 21(1): 30. 1916 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20125
    • Type: Chenopodium californicum (S.Watson) S.Watson
  • 5. S.Fuentes, Uotila, P. & Borsch, T. 2012: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). – Willdenowia 42(1): 5-24. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.42.42101
  • =Chenopodium sect. Atriplicina Aellen in Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 41: 99. 1930 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20126
  • Scleroblitum Ulbr. in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 16c: 495. 1934 syn. sec. S.Fuentes & al. 20126 wfo-4000034710
    • Type: Chenopodium atriplicinum (F.Muell) F.Muell; Scleroblitum atriplicinum (F.Muell) Ulbr.
  • 6. S.Fuentes, Uotila, P. & Borsch, T. 2012: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). – Willdenowia 42(1): 5-24. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.42.42101
  • Agatophyton Fourr. in Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 144. 1869, nom. inval. syn. sec. Kew 20197
  • 7. Kew 2019: Dataset export of the World Checklist of Vascular Plants database, dated 19 December. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens

Notes

In the last century the Linnean Blitum, with its two species B. capitatum and B. virgatum L., was usually merged with Chenopodium s.l. (e.g. Aellen 1929; Iljin & Aellen 1936; Aellen & Just 1943; Aellen 1960-61; Grubov 1966; Brenan & Akeroyd 1993; Mosyakin 1996; Uotila 1997, 2001a-b; Clemants & Mosyakin 2003), or rarely recognized in the original Linnean circumscription (Scott 1978a). However, the resurrection of this genus based on phylogenetic reconstruction supports a monophyletic lineage and a wide concept of Blitum including c. ten species (Fuentes-Bazán & al. 2012b), most of them in the Northern hemisphere and one (B. atriplicimum F. Muell.) in Australia. Blitum belongs to the tribe Anserineae.A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N

Bibliography

A. Aellen, P. & Just, T.K. 1943: Key and synopsis of the American species of the genus Chenopodium L. – American Midland Naturalist 30: 47-76. https://doi.org/10.2307/2421263
B. Aellen, P. 1929: Beitrag zur Systematik der Chenopodium-Arten Amerikas, vorwiegend auf Grund der Sammlung des United States National Museum in Washington, D.C. I. – Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 26: 31-64
C. Aellen, P. 1960–1961: Chenopodiaceae, 533 – 762. – In: Rechinger, K. H. (ed.) & Hegi, G., Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, 2, 3(2[Lief. 2-4]). – Berlin & Hamburg: Parey
D. Brenan, J. P. & Akeroyd, J. 1993: Chenopodium, 111 – 114. – In: Flora europaea, ed. 2, 1. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
E. Clemants, S. E. & Mosyakin, S. L. 2003: Dysphania, Chenopodium, 267 – 299. – In: Flora of North America north of Mexico 4. – New York: Oxford University Press
F. Fuentes-Bazan, S., Uotila, P. & Borsch, T. 2012: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). – Willdenowia 42(1): 5-24. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.42.42101
G. Grubov, V. I. 1966: Chenopodiaceae, 3 – 134. – In: Plantae Asiae centralis / Растения Центральной Азии. – Leningrad: Nauka
H. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45301
I. Iljin, M. & Aellen, P. 1936: Chenopodium, 41 – 73. – In: Flora URSS 6. – Moscow & Leningrad: Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR
J. Mosyakin, S. L. 1996: Chenopodium, pp. 27-44. – In: Tzvelev, N. N., Флора Восточной Европы [Flora Europae orientalis] 9. – St. Petersburg: Acad. Sci. Rossicae, Inst. Bot. Nomine V. L. Komarov
K. Scott A. J 1978: A review of the classification of Chenopodium L. and related genera (Chenopodiaceae). – Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 100: 205–220. – Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie
L. Uotila, P. 1997: Chenopodium, pp. 24-52. – In: Rechinger, K.H., Flora iranica 172. – Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt
M. Uotila, P. 2001: Chenopodium, pp. 13–52. – In: Ali, S. L. & Qaiser, M., Flora of Pakistan 204. – Karachi: University of Karachi; St. Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press
N. Uotila, P. 2001: Chenopodium, pp. 4–31. – In: Jonsell, B., Flora nordica 2. – Stockholm: Bergius Foundation, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences