Mammillaria karwinskiana

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Mammillaria karwinskiana

Mammillaria karwinskiana Mart. in Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 16(1): 335, pl. 22. 1832 sec. Hunt 20161
  • Cactus karwinskianus (Mart.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 260. 1891 syn. sec. Hunt 20161
  • Neomammillaria karwinskiana (Mart.) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 95–96. 1923 syn. sec. Hunt 20161
  • 1. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author
  • =Mammillaria parmentieri Link & Otto in Verh. Vereins Beförd. Gartenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten 6: 429. 1830 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)2
  • 2. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria subpolyedra Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck.: 343. 1834 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+3
  • Cactus subpolyedrus (Salm-Dyck) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)4
  • Neomammillaria subpolyedra (Salm-Dyck) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 105. 1923 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+3
  • 3. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org, 4. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria jalappensis Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 17. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)5
  • 5. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria karwinskiana var. flavescens Zucc. ex Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 19. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)6
  • 6. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Cactus bergii Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 103. 1840 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)7
  • 7. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria geminata Scheidw. in Allg. Gartenzeitung 9: 42. 1841 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+8
  • Cactus geminatus (Scheidw.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 260. 1891 syn. sec. Hunt 20169
  • 8. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org, 9. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author
  • =Mammillaria karwinskii Lawr. in Gard. Mag. (London) 17: 315. 1841 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)10
  • 10. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria pyrrhocephala Scheidw. in Allg. Gartenzeitung 9: 42. 1841 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+11
  • Cactus pyrrhocephalus (Scheidw.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)12
  • Neomammillaria pyrrhocephala (Scheidw.) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 99. 1923 syn. sec. Hunt 201613
  • Neomammillaria pyrrocephala (Scheidw.) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 99–100, f. 100. 1923 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+11
  • Mammillaria malletiana var. pyrrhocephala (Scheidw.) Schelle, Kakteen: 337. 1926 syn. sec. Hunt 201613
  • 11. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org, 12. Kew WCVP (2019), 13. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author
  • =Mammillaria virens Scheidw. in Allg. Gartenzeitung 9: 43. 1841 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+14
  • Mammillaria karwinskiana var. virens (Scheidw.) Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1844: 10. 1845 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)15
  • Cactus virens (Scheidw.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)15
  • 14. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org, 15. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria voburnensis Scheer in London J. Bot. 4: 136–137. 1845 syn. sec. Hunt 201616
  • Neomammillaria voburnensis (Scheer) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 100. 1923 syn. sec. Hunt 201616
  • Cactus voburnensis (Scheer) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+17
  • Mammillaria voburnensis subsp. voburnensis syn. sec. ???
  • Mammillaria voburnensis var. voburnensis syn. sec. ???
  • Neomammillaria woburnensis (Scheer) Britton & Rose squalm., Cactaceae 4: 100. 1923, nom. inval., syn. sec. The Plant List v. 1.1 201318
  • Mammillaria woburnensis Scheer, nom. inval., syn. sec. The Plant List v. 1.1 201318,19,20
  • 16. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author, 17. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org, 18. TPL, 19. orthogr. error, 20. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org: 12 sept 2020
  • =Mammillaria praelii Muehlenpf. in Allg. Gartenzeitung 14(47): 372. 1846 syn. sec. Hunt 201621
  • Mammillaria viridis var. praelii (Muehlenpf.) Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 16. 1850 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+22
  • Cactus praelii (Muehlenpf.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Hunt 201621
  • Neomammillaria praelii (Muehlenpf.) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 96–97. 1923 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+22
  • 21. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author, 22. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org
  • =Mammillaria senckei C.F.Först., Handb. Cacteenk.: 227. 1846 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1923 [Named after Ferdinand Sencke, a horticulturalist from Leipzig, Germany. Incorrectly written "Senke" by Förster.]. 23
  • Mammillaria senckei C.F.Först. ex Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 16. 1850, nom. inval., syn. sec. ???26,24,25
  • 23. Britton, N. L. & Rose, J.N. 1923: Cactaceae 4, 24. in syn., 25. Berendsohn, W. G. 2020: Revisions, 26. 
  • =Mammillaria malletiana Cels, Portef. Hort. 2: 222. 1848 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)27
  • Mammillaria pyrrhocephala var. malletiana (Cels) Borg, Cacti, ed. 1: 354. 1937 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)27
  • 27. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria multiseta Ehrenb. in Allg. Gartenzeitung 17: 242. 1849 syn. sec. Hunt 201628
  • 28. Hunt, D.R. 2016: CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 3rd edition. – published by the author
  • =Mammillaria pyrrhocephala var. donkelaerii Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 17. 1850 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)29
  • 29. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria viridis Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 116. 1850 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 192330
  • Cactus viridis (Salm-Dyck) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+31
  • 30. Britton, N. L. & Rose, J.N. 1923: Cactaceae 4, 31. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org
  • =Mammillaria closiana Roum. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 2: 372. 1855 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)32
  • 32. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria inclinis Lem. in Ill. Hort. 5: Misc. 9. 1858 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)33
  • 33. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Cactus multisectus (Scheidw.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 261. 1891 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 192334
  • 34. Britton, N. L. & Rose, J.N. 1923: Cactaceae 4
  • =Neomammillaria conzattii Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 4: 103–104, f. 104. 1923 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+35
  • Mammillaria conzattii Orcutt in Cactography 7. 1926 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+35
  • Mammillaria confusa var. conzattii (Britton & Rose) R.T.Craig, Mammill. Handb.: 24. 1945 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)36
  • 35. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org, 36. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria strobilina Tiegel in Möller's Deutsche Gärtn.-Zeitung 48: 329. 1933 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+37
  • 37. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org
  • =Mammillaria confusa var. centrispina R.T.Craig, Mammill. Handb.: 25. 1945 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)38
  • Neomammillaria confusa var. centrispina (R.T.Craig) Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 617. 1981, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)38
  • 38. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria confusa var. robustispina R.T.Craig, Mammill. Handb.: 25. 1945 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)39
  • Neomammillaria confusa var. robustispina (R.T.Craig) Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 618. 1981, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)39
  • 39. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria nejapensis var. brevispina R.T.Craig & E.Y.Dawson in Allan Hancock Found. Publ. Occas. Pap. 2: 58. 1948 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)40
  • Mammillaria nejapensis f. brevispina (R.T.Craig & E.Y.Dawson) Krainz, Kakteen 18: C VIIIc. 1961 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)40
  • Neomammillaria nejapensis var. brevispina (R.T.Craig & E.Y.Dawson) Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 619. 1981, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)40
  • 40. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria nejapensis var. longispina R.T.Craig & E.Y.Dawson in Allan Hancock Found. Publ. Occas. Pap. 2: 58. 1948 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)41
  • Mammillaria nejapensis f. longispina (R.T.Craig & E.Y.Dawson) Krainz, Kakteen 18: C VIIIc. 1961 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)41
  • Neomammillaria nejapensis var. longispina (R.T.Craig & E.Y.Dawson) Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 619. 1981, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)41
  • 41. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • =Mammillaria ebenacantha Shurly in Backeberg, Cactaceae 5: 3469. 1961 syn. sec. TROPICOS 1988+42
  • 42. TROPICOS 1988+: Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden – https://tropicos.org
  • =Mammillaria voburnensis var. gerhardii Diers in Kakteen And. Sukk. 44: 246. 1993 syn. sec. WFO 201943
  • 43. WFO 2019
  • =Mammillaria fulvolanata Hildm. syn. sec. IPNI 2000+44
  • Mammillaria malletiana f. fulvolanata (Hildm.) Schelle, Kakteen: 337. 1926 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)45
  • 44. IPNI 2000+: International Plant Names Index. – The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens – http://www.ipni.org, 45. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Mammillaria rhodacantha Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 11. 1850, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)46
  • Neomammillaria neomystax var. rhodacantha (Y.Itô) Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 611. 1981, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)46
  • 46. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Mammillaria nejapensis var. typica R.T.Craig & E.Y.Dawson in Allan Hancock Found. Publ. Occas. Pap. 2: 57. 1948, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)47
  • 47. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Neomammillaria nejapensis var. aureispina Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 619. 1981, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)48
  • 48. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Neomammillaria nejapensis var. elegans Y.Itô, Cactaceae: 619. 1981, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)49
  • 49. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Cactus woburnensis (Scheer) Kuntze squalm., nom. inval., syn. sec. The Plant List v. 1.1 201350
  • 50. TPL

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