How to use

Search

There are two options when searching for a taxon: (1) navigate the taxon tree, or (2) type the name of the taxon in the search field (recommended when searching for a possible synonym).

The asterisk (*) can be used as a wildcard in the search field.

Examples:

Query “Rhipsalis” will find all names in Rhipsalis

Query “Rhipsalis b*” will find all names in Rhipsalis beginning with b

Query “Rhipsalis baccifera” will find all names containing this term, including the subspecies.

Using the “Advanced search”, you can restrict your search to certain types of names (e.g. accepted names only), or to a geographical region.

In the search results list, the names of accepted taxa are displayed in blue. All other names displayed in grey are synonyms. Clicking on them leads you to the page of the accepted taxon.

 

Taxon pages

 

Genus page

The genus page provides the accepted genus name and its synonyms. Discussion notes provide information about the current state of knowledge in terms of monophyly or phylogenetic relationships of the genus.

 

Taxon page

The taxon page provides the accepted name and its synonyms. For some names, types and protologue links are already provided as well. Further information is so far only included for a few species.

Distribution data are so far available only for a few species. They are given following the TDWG standard (tdwg.org) and are listed according to country and displayed in a zoomable map, using TDWG areas as mapping units. The status of occurrence is displayed using different colours as indicated.

The Specimens tab displays revised specimens and derivatives of them, e.g. molecular data.

The Keys tab of a taxon provides dichotomous or other identification keys for the included taxa as far as available.

 

Conventions

The general editorial standards in many respects follow the guidelines formulated by Kilian & al. (2009+) for the Cichorieae Network https://cichorieae.e-taxonomy.net/portal/.

 

Accepted taxa

Currently, only taxa at the genus, species and subspecies ranks are included; taxa at additional ranks can be included in the future.

 

Synonyms

In the case of accepted subspecies, homotypic synonyms of the species are attributed either to the species name or the nominal subspecies, depending on the original source for the assignment of the particular synonym.

Heterotypic synonyms which cannot be assigned undoubtedly to one of the subspecies are placed within the synonymy of the species.

 

Invalid designations

Names which have not been validly published are listed at the end of the synonymies and are preceded by an n-dash instead of an equal sign.

 

Spelling of scientific plant names

The spelling of a given species epithet within a homotypical group is generally standardized and typographical and orthographical errors are corrected following Art. 60 of the Code. Original spellings, misspellings and orthographic variants are only given along with the correct spelling if the names have been used in this incorrect spelling, e.g. and were part of the original World Flora Online backbone.

Other errors (e.g. printing errors) and frequently used incorrect spellings can also be explained in comments accompanying the respective name.

 

Authors of scientific plant names

Authors of scientific plant names are abbreviated in conformity with Brummitt R. K. & Powell C. E. 1992: Authors of plant names (updated online version).

If the authors of the name are different from the authors of the work in which the name was published, the latter are part of the bibliographic citation and are not abbreviated.

'Ex' authors” are included.

 

Nomenclatural types of names

Data on types and their citation are gathered from different sources, depending on data availability and processing state: (1) from the protologues, (2) from secondary literature, (3) from the type specimen labels. Type citation is therefore heterogenous.

Types are classified as holo-, syn-, neo-, lectotypes, etc., and their duplicates as iso-, isosyn-, isoneo- or isolectotypes, etc. When no such specification is possible yet, they are simply indicated as "type".

Herbarium codes follow Index Herbariorum.

 

Bibliographic citation of taxon names

Titles of monographs are abbreviated in conformity with Taxonomic literature, ed. 2 (Stafleu & Cowan 1976–1988; Stafleu & Mennega 1992–2000; Dorr & Nicolson 2008, 2009), but all components start with capital letters. Titles of monographs not listed therein follow the version used in IPNI, with the exception that work's editor is not included in the title. Titles not mentioned in any of these sources are abbreviated as in serials.

Titles of serials are separated from the author citation by "in" and are abbreviated in conformity with Botanico-periodicum-huntianum (Bridson & al. 2004, online edition); titles not listed there are abbreviated according to the standards therein defined.

The publication year always refers to the actual year of publication of the page cited. If a work has been published in parts and its publication dates have been established, the publication year is one of the corresponding parts and can then differ from the year(s) on the (main) title page of that work. In the case of known differences between the year given and the real publication date, the former is cited in square brackets and set in quotation marks.

Series that form part of the title are normally included in the standard abbreviation for nomenclatural citations.

 

Secundum references

Currently, some ambiguity exists with respect to the secundum references as cited in the checklist. In the EDIT Platform, there are two possibilities to cite references for the context of a taxon:

(1) the circumscription reference, coined as the secundum (sec.) reference by Berendsohn (1997), should cite a publication where the circumscription of the taxon or its differentiation from other (related) taxa of the same rank is treated;

(2) the placement reference, which is the source for the assignment of an already defined taxon to a place in a given classification (in the core checklist: the placement in a taxonomic group of higher rank).

In analogy to (2), the “syn. sec.” reference depicts the placement of a name in the synonymy of a taxon, and the “err. sec.” reference (not yet used in the Cactaceae dataset) is the source of the inclusion of a taxon that has been misnamed in its sec. reference elsewhere (which is then cited as “sensu”). However, in the present state of our data, the sec. reference in some cases represents the source of a name (particularly when the taxonomic position of that name is not yet clear), or the reference for the placement (especially if the placement resulted in a changed name), or even the reference for the source of a name or taxon under one of the categories excluded from the core checklist. Currently the data entry does not yet support multiple sec. references, so the responsible editor must choose one over others that may be equally relevant.