Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus

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Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus

Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus (Boed.) Buxb. & Backeb. in Cactaceae (Berlin) 1937(1): 27. 1937 sec. Vázquez-Sánchez & al. 2019
  • Echinocactus schmiedickeanus Boed. in Z. Sukkulentenk. 3(11): 229–230. 1928 ["1927-1928"] syn. sec. Aquino 2021
  • Strombocactus schmiedickeanus (Boed.) A.Berger, Kakteen: 250. 1929 syn. sec. Vázquez-Sánchez & al. 2019 [is earlier homonym of Strombocactus schmiedickeanus (Boed.) J.West 1930]
  • Toumeya schmiedickeana (Boed.) W.T.Marshall in Cactus (Paris) 4: 5. 1946 syn. sec. Aquino 2021
  • Neolloydia schmiedickeana (Boed.) E.F.Anderson in Bradleya 4: 19. 1986 syn. sec. Aquino 2021
  • Pediocactus schmiedickeanus (Boed.) Halda in Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat., 5(1): 20. 1998 syn. sec. Aquino 2021
  • Strombocactus schmiedickeanus (Boed.) J.West in J. Cact. Succ. Soc. Amer. 2: 298. 1930, nom. inval., syn. sec. Aquino 2021 [non Strombocactus schmiedickeanus (Boed.) A.Berger 1929]
    • Type: Lectotype: [illustration] “Echinocactus Schmiedickeanus Böd. sp. n. (1/1 nat. Grösse)” in Z. Sukkulentenk. 3: 230. 19281
  • 1. Anderson, E.F. 1986: A revision of the genus Neolloydia B. & R. (Cactaceae). – Bradleya 4: 1-28: 19
  • =Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus var. alenae Halda & Kupčák in Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat., 9: 79. 2002 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)


According to Hunt (2006), Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus comprises 13 subspecies whose main characteristic is the presence of curved to twisted, flexible and non-pungent spines (Mosco, 2009). Vázquez-Sánchez & al. (2019) included 11 of the 13 subspecies in their phylogenetic analysis but did not find them to form a clade; T. schimiedickeanus subsp. schwarzii was even resolved as the sister to the entire Turbinicarpus clade.
For this reason, we propose the exclusion of five subspecies from T. schimiedickeanus: T. bonatzi, T. dickinsoniae, T. flaviflorus, T. schwarzii and T. rioverdensis (see their respective treatments). The remaining subspecies (T. subsp. andersonii, T. subsp. gracilis, T. subsp. klinkerianus, T. subsp. macrochele, T. subsp. sanchezii-mejoradae and T. subsp. rubriflorus), are retained as subspecies of T. schmiedickeanus. These taxa are either unresolved or are parts of subclades with low support in the trees of Vázquez-Sánchez & al. (2019). A


A. Aquino, D. 2021: Revisions of Epithelantha, Kadenicarpus, Rapicactus, Turbinicarpus – In: Korotkova N. & al., Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org – a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. – Willdenowia 51: 251-270