Primary tabs


Lepismium Pfeiff. in Allg. Gartenzeitung 3: 315. 1835 sec. Korotkova & al. 2011
  • =Rhipsalis sect. Sarmentosae Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 60. 1850 syn. sec. ???
  • =Rhipsalis subg. Ophiorhipsalis K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 615. 1897–1899 syn. sec. ???
  • Lepismium subg. Ophiorhipsais (K.Schum.) Barthlott in Bradleya 5: 99. 1987 syn. sec. ???
  • Ophiorhipsalis (K.Schum.) Doweld in Sukkulenty 4(1-2): 39. 2002 ["2001"] syn. sec. Korotkova 2021


Compiled by Nadja Korotkova


Phylogenetics: Several considerably different generic concepts have been suggested for Lepismium in the past 80 years. It was either recognized as monotypic for L. cruciforme (Vell.) Miq., e.g. by Britton & Rose (1923) or included into Rhipsalis (Schumann 1899; Vaupel 1925, 1926). Barthlott (1987) and Barthlott & Taylor (1995) redefined Lepismium based on the mesotonic branching as main diagnostic character, but this circumscription was found to be polyphyletic by Nyffeler (2002) and Korotkova & al. (2010). Consequently, some of its species were transferred to Lymanbensonia and Pfeiffera by Korotkova & al. (2010).A

Taxon standing

Category B. The genus is monophyletic based on phylogenetic studies that support the clade based on a sufficiently dense or even complete sampling, or support a monotypic genus as a distinct lineage, but do not provide a new taxonomic treatment at the species level. In many cases, older classical taxonomic synopses or a monographic treatment exist for these genera providing a reliable assessment of the species included.

Descriptions (aggregated)

Old stem segment duration: persistent [7]; stem width: 07 cm; stem shape: angled [4], flattened [3], terete [2] entire plant habitat: epiphytic [6], epilithic [2], epiphyte [1]; entire plant orientation: pendent [6], creeping [2]; entire plant branching: mesotonic [6]; entire plant pubescence: glabrous [3], woolly [1] flower quantity per areol contemporaneously: 1; flower coloration: whitish [5], yellowish [1], yellow [1], white [1], red [1], pinkish [1], cream [1]; flower architecture: actinomorphic [6]; flower position: subapical [7], lateral [7]; flower size qualitativ: small [6]; flower size quantitativ: 1526 mm areole prominence: superficial [4], immersed [2] fruit coloration: red [5], pink [1], magenta [1], deepening [1], dark pink [1]; fruit shape: globose [5], subglobose [1], ovoid [1] bud orientation: oblique [6]
A single or the first number in square brackets denotes sample size


A. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., von Mering, S., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler, R., Ocampo, G. & Ochoterena, H. 2015: A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. – Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383