Salsola

Salsola

Synonymy

Salsola L., Sp. Pl. 1: 222. 1753 sec. ???
  • =Salsola sect. Coccosalsola Fenzl in Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 802. 1851 syn. sec. ???
  • Salsola subsect. Coccosalsola (Fenzl) Botsch. in Nov. Sist. Vys. Rast. 13: 94. 1976 syn. sec. ???
  • =Soda Fourr. in Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon sér. 2, 17: 145. 1869 syn. sec. ???
  • =Hypocylix Wol. in Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 275. 1886 syn. sec. Kühn (1993)
  • =Salsola sect. Obpyrifolia Botsch. & Akhani in Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 74(11): 1664. 1989 syn. sec. ???
  • =Neocaspia Tzvelev in Ukrayins’k. Bot. Zhurn. 50(1): 81. 1993 syn. sec. ???

Content

Notes

Salsola s.l. was a heterogenous and polyphyletic complex which has been split into at least ten lineages based on nuclear and chloroplast markers (Akhani & al. 2007; Pyankov & al. 2001; Kadereit & Freitag 2013). Caroxylon as the largest group and Kaviria, Pyankovia and Climacoptera were transferred to the tribe Caroxyleae [Caroxyloneae]. Several other segregates have either been described as new genera or were resurrected from existing names including Kali, Turania, and Xylosalsola. Three names were informally mentioned: "Canarosalsola", "Collinosalsola" and Oreosalsola", the last was formally published by Akhani & al. (2016). The two species, Salsola webbii Moq. and S. genistoides Juss. ex Poir., are sister of Salsoleae and therefore should be described as separate genera (Voznesenskaya & al. 2013).
The typification of the genus Salsola is debated (Akhani & al. 2014; Mosyakin & al. 2014) and a conserved type S. kali is proposed instead of the current type S. soda (Mosyakin & al. 2014). If accepted, the name Salsola L. replaces Kali Mill. and Salsola sensu Akhani & al. will be Soda Fourr. In its present circumscription accepted here, Salsola is still a morphologically very diverse group that probably deserves further splitting into several more natural genera, following more comprehensive molecular and morphological studies.