Rhipsalis

Rhipsalis

Synonymy

Rhipsalis Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 137. 1788, nom. cons., sec. Korotkova, N., Borsch, T., Quandt, D. & al., 2011
  • =Hariota Adanson, Fam. 2: 243, 520. 1763, nom. rej.1, syn. sec. Index Nominum Genericorum: 8 sept 2020 [is earlier homonym of Hariota DC. 1834]
  • 1. Index Nominum Genericorum: 8 sept 2020
  • =Cassytha Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8: s.p. 1768, nom. illeg., syn. sec. Korotkova, N., Borsch, T., Quandt, D. & al., 2011

Notes

Phylogenetics: The circumscription of Rhipsalis - one of the oldest genera of the family - has changed repeatedly over time, and often Hatiora, Pseudorhipsalis and Lepismium, all now accepted at generic rank, were variously subsumed under Rhipsalis. The morphology-based circumscription of Rhipsalis by Barthlott & Taylor (1995) has been entirely confirmed as monophyletic with maximal support in the molecular phylogenetic study of Korotkova & al. (2011); the same result was shown by Calvente & al. (2011b), though with a less comprehensive sampling.
Rhipsalis is notable since R. baccifera (Sol.) Stearn is the only species of the family that naturally occurs outside the New World. A

Descriptions (aggregated)

Old stem segment duration: deciduous [33]; stem width: 0.312; stem shape: terete [18], flattened [12], angled [12], angle [1]; stem architecture: seam [1] entire plant habitat: epiphytic [31], epilithic [11], lithophytic [3], terrestrial [2], epiphyte [2]; entire plant orientation: pendent [33], semierect [4], erect [3]; entire plant branching: acrotonic [32], subacrotonic [2], mesotonic [1]; entire plant pubescence: sparse pubescent [14], glabrous [13], woolly [6], pubescent [1] flower quantity per areol contemporaneously: 113; flower coloration: white [27], whitish [18], yellowish [6], greenish [5], yellow [2], pale pink [2], red [1], orange [1], magenta [1], golden [1], cream [1], brownish [1]; flower architecture: actinomorphic [34]; flower position: lateral [36], subapical [33], apical [3], subterminal [2]; flower size qualitativ: small [34], minute [9], medium [3]; flower size quantitativ: 0.545 mm areole prominence: superficial [41], sunken [6], hidden [1] fruit coloration: white [17], whitish [10], pink [9], red [5], greenish [3], yellow [2], purplish [2], pale pink [2], magenta [2], reddish pink [1], reddish [1], pinkish [1], orange [1], green [1], greeen [1], gray [1], golden [1]; fruit shape: globose [20], subglobose [11], turbinate [4], ovoid [3], depressed globose [3], elongate [2], oblong [1] bud orientation: perpendicular [23], oblique [9], pendulous [2]
A single or the first number in square brackets denotes sample size

Bibliography

A. Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T. & al., A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales in Willdenowia 45(3): 281-383. 2015

Specimens

CountryDateCollector + collecting numberHerbariaTypeScanDerivatives
Anonymous collector s.n.Herbarium Berolinense
Citation: Anonymous collector s.n. (Herbarium Berolinense B GT 0023713)

Specimen summary: Herbarium Berolinense (B GT 0023713)
Preferred stable URI: http://herbarium.bgbm.org/object/BGT0023713

Costa Rica, Republic ofHorich, C. s.n.Herbarium Berolinense
Citation: Costa Rica, Republic of, San Carlos-Region, Caño Negro., alt. 75 m, Horich, C. s.n. (Herbarium Berolinense B GT 0023475)

Specimen summary: Herbarium Berolinense (B GT 0023475)
Preferred stable URI: http://herbarium.bgbm.org/object/BGT0023475